Documents filed under General

Emission cuts realities – electricity generation

Lang_2010_emissions_cuts_realities_v1_thumb Five options for cutting CO2 emissions from electricity generation in Australia are compared with a "Business as Usual" option over the period 2010 to 2050. The six options comprise combinations of coal, gas, nuclear, wind and solar thermal technologies. The conclusions: The nuclear option reduces CO2 emissions the most, is the only option that can be built quickly enough to make the deep emissions cuts required, and is the least cost of the options that can cut emissions sustainably. Solar thermal and wind power are the highest cost of the options considered. The cost of avoiding emissions is lowest with nuclear and highest with solar and wind power.
9 Jan 2010

The hidden fuel costs of wind generated electricity

Hiddenfuelcostsofwind_thumb Wind generated electricity requires back up capacity of conventional power stations. This capacity is required to deliver electricity to consumers when wind supply is falling short. To have the non-wind power stations ramp up or down to compensate for the stochastic wind variations causes extra efficiency loss for such power stations. How much efficiency is lost in this way and how much extra fuel is required for this extra balancing of supply and demand is unknown. In this article we attempt to make an educated guess. The extra fuel required for the efficiency loss must be added to the fuel required building and installing the wind turbines and the additions to the power cable network. While these extra requirements may be too small to notice when the installed wind power is a small fraction of the total capacity, matters change when wind capacity becomes significant. Based on the German situation with 23 GW installed wind power we show that it becomes doubtful whether wind energy results in any fuel saving and CO2 emission reduction. What remains are the extra investments in wind energy. The authors are formerly with Shell & STW of the Netherlands. They can be reached by e-mail at these addresses: and
1 Dec 2009

Stockyard Hills and Mt. Fyans Wind Farms lease agreement

Shwef_lease094_thumb This document includes two separate agreements executed between the landowner and Wind Power Pty Ltd. The Stockyard Hills facility is proposed to include 242 turbines for an installed capacity of 484 megawatts. Origin Energy Ltd has since acquired Wind Power Pty. The Mt. Fyans wind proposal is no longer under consideration. Origin is still pursuing the Stockyard Hills project.
29 Nov 2009

Stantec Liens

Stantec_liens_thumb Jacques Whitford Stantec, by its successor in interest, Stantec Consulting LTD., filed construction liens in the amount of $242,296.58. A total of 150 landowners were cited in the claim.
5 Nov 2009

Economic impacts from the promotion of renewable energies: The German experience

Germany_study_-_final_thumb Abstract: The allure of an environmentally benign, abundant, and cost-effective energy source has led an increasing number of industrialized countries to back public financing of renewable energies. Germany’s experience with renewable energy promotion is often cited as a model to be replicated elsewhere, being based on a combination of far-reaching energy and environmental laws that stretch back nearly two decades. This paper critically reviews the current centerpiece of this effort, the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), focusing on its costs and the associated implications for job creation and climate protection. We argue that German renewable energy policy, and in particular the adopted feed-in tariff scheme, has failed to harness the market incentives needed to ensure a viable and cost-effective introduction of renewable energies into the country’s energy portfolio. To the contrary, the government’s support mechanisms have in many respects subverted these incentives, resulting in massive expenditures that show little long-term promise for stimulating the economy, protecting the environment, or increasing energy security. In the case of photovoltaics, Germany’s subsidization regime has reached a level that by far exceeds average wages, with per-worker subsidies as high as 175,000 € (US $ 240,000)
1 Oct 2009

Petitioners v. Bingham County Idaho Board of Commissioners

Ng_bingham_ng_reply_brief_thumb The Bingham County Idaho County Commissioners approved a wind proposal involving the construction of 81 miles of road and erecting 150 wind turbines across more than 17,600 acres of Wolverine Canyon. The area is locally designated as a Natural Resource/Agriculture district which, by definition, does not permit industrial, energy-producing, structures. The Commissioners ruled that since the wind energy facility was a "wind farm" it was therefore an agricultural use and thus permitted. The residents in the area filed an appeal with the courts. This document is one of several responsive briefs filed by the residents.
28 Jul 2009

NY Wind Energy Code of Conduct Agreement

Windcode_july_2009_thumb This code of ethics developed by the NY attorney general aims to encourage more honest and open conduct by wind energy companies and their employees. While this voluntary code is signed by the wind company, it also impacts municipal officials in terms of their conduct, required disclosure and similar requirements on their family members. The first section of the code is presented below. The full document can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
22 Jul 2009

2008 Wind Technologies Market Report

2008-wind-technologies_thumb The U.S. wind industry experienced a banner year in 2008, surpassing even optimistic growth projections from years past. At the same time, the past year has been one of upheaval, with the global financial crisis impacting near-term growth prospects for the wind industry, and with significant federal policy changes enacted to push the industry towards continued aggressive expansion. Dr. Ryan Wiser, and others, prepared this detail analysis of wind development in the United States.
15 Jul 2009

Our undiversified wind portfolio

Wind advocates like to say "The wind's always blowing somewhere" to counter concerns about the variability of wind power. This is true, and it means that wind can always be relied on to produce some power, but that does not mean that wind can always meet demand. In the United States' Great Plains wind belt, wind is typically anticorrelated with demand.
30 Apr 2009

George Washington National Forest letter to Freedomworks

2009_0402_hyzer_freedomworks_denial_ltr_thumb Freedomworks submitted a proposal for erect three meteorological towers on North Mountain in the George Washington National Forest. The request was in in early December, however the company's plans were known for about one year ago. The forest supervisor, Maureen Hyzer denied the request in this April 2 letter. Reasons for the denial were that the request did not comply with the forest management plan and there was no rationale specified for why the use of national forest land was necessary. The complete memo can be downloaded by clicking on the link below.
2 Apr 2009

Cape Vincent’s unethical black hole

Wpeg_conflict_ad_1_thumb This open letter to representatives of British Petroleum and Acciona/AES appeared in New York's Watertown Daily Times newspaper in response to questionable business practices by the developers seeking to build wind facilities in Cape Vincent, New York. The full letter can be accessed by clicking on the link below.
15 Feb 2009

NY Supreme Court order re: Prattsburgh eminent domain suit

Prattsburghlawsuit_eminentdomain_thumb Memorandum and order issued by the NY State Supreme Court in the matter involving a request by property owners in Prattsburgh to annul the decision by the Town Board of the Town of Prattsburgh to condemn a portion of the petitioners' property in order to create certain easements for Windfarm Prattsburgh, LLC, to place underground electricity lines for a wind farm project.
6 Feb 2009

Wilderness Society and Center for Biological Diversity comment on Deerfield Wind DEIS

11-28-08_final_tws_cbd_deis_deerfield_wind_comments_wo_signs_thumb The Wilderness Society and the Center for Biological Diversity submitted these joint comments toe the U.S. Forest Service in response to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for the Deerfield Wind Project. Click here to access the Forest Service DEIS. The comments submitted can be downloaded by clicking on the link at the bottom of this page.
28 Nov 2008

USFWS comments on DEIS prepared for Deerfield Wind proposal, Green Mountain National Forest

Deerfieldwind-doi_thumb Iberdrola has proposed a wind energy facility to be erected on national forest lands in the Green Mountain National Forest located in Vermont. The Forest Service released the draft environmental impact statement (DEIS) in September 2008. The full DEIS can be accessed at The US Fish and Wildlife Service submitted comments on the DEIS. These comments can be downloaded by clicking on the link at the bottom of this page.
25 Nov 2008

Capacity factor of wind power: Realized Values vs. Estimates

Capacityfactorofwind_thumb For two decades, the capacity factor of wind power measuring the mean energy delivered by wind turbines has been assumed at 35% of the name plate capacity. Yet, the mean realized value for Europe over the last five years is closer to 21% thus making levelized cost 66% higher than previously thought. We document this discrepancy and offer rationalizations, emphasizing the long term variations of wind speeds. We conclude with the consequences of the capacity factor miscalculation and some policy recommendations. Click on the link below to download the full document.
1 Oct 2008
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