Pictures from West Virginia

Laurel Mountain Wind facility, substation and transmission

Laurel_mountain_7_thumb This photo of the Laurel Mountain Wind Project located Northwest of Elkins, WV shows the impact of the giant substation needed to service AES Corporation's project. The wind project consists of 61 wind turbines (total nameplate capacity of 125 megawatts) erected along 8-miles of the Laurel Mountain ridgeline between Barbour and Randolph counties. It was approved in 2008 by the WV PSC under substantial protest by residents in the county.
29 Mar 2011

Laurel Mountain Wind facility, looking toward Randolph County

Laurel_mountain_4_thumb This photo of the Laurel Mountain Wind Project located Northwest of Elkins, WV shows the view of the 61-turbines overlooking Randolph County. AES Corporation's project (total nameplate capacity of 125 megawatts) erected along 8-miles of the Laurel Mountain ridgeline between Barbour and Randolph counties was approved in 2008 by the WV PSC under substantial protest by residents in the county.
29 Mar 2011

Laurel Mountain Wind facility, looking toward Barbour County

Laurel_mountain_3_thumb This photo of the Laurel Mountain Wind Project located Northwest of Elkins, WV shows the view of the 61-turbines overlooking Barbour County. AES Corporation's project (total nameplate capacity of 125 megawatts) erected along 8-miles of the Laurel Mountain ridgeline between Barbour and Randolph counties was approved in 2008 by the WV PSC under substantial protest by residents in the county.
29 Mar 2011

Laurel Mountain Wind facility, looking north

Laurel_mountain_1_thumb This photo of the Laurel Mountain Wind Project located Northwest of Elkins, WV shows the view of the 61 turbine project looking north along 8-miles of the Laurel Mountain ridgeline between Barbour and Randolph counties. AES Corporation's project (total nameplate capacity of 125 megawatts) was approved in 2008 by the WV PSC under substantial protest by residents in the county.
29 Mar 2011

Laurel Mountain Wind facility, south view

Laurel_mountain_2_thumb This photo of the Laurel Mountain Wind Project located Northwest of Elkins, WV shows the view of the 61 turbine project looking south. The project is still under construction but the impact of clearing and road development is notable. AES Corporation's project (total nameplate capacity of 125 megawatts) was approved in 2008 by the WV PSC under substantial protest by residents in the county.
29 Mar 2011

Allegheny Front (NedPower/Shell) - Map of Turbine Locations

Nedpower_turbine_locations_2006vs2002_(2)_thumb Dan Boone created this image using the digital USGS 7.5-minute topographic map mosaic for Grant County, WV (from NRCS Geospatial Data Gateway) and plotted the wind turbine locations based on the lat-long coordinates provided in FAA's 7460-1 database for this facility in 2006 and for turbines planned in 2002 - e.g., https://www.oeaaa.faa.gov/oeaaaEXT/searchAction.jsp?action=displayOECase&oeCaseID=460650 (2006) and https://www.oeaaa.faa.gov/oeaaaEXT/searchAction.jsp?action=displayOECase&oeCaseID=242479 (2002) . Note that the 82 wind turbines proposed to FAA in 2006 are slated to be 388 feet in overall height (from ground level to highest point of rotor). There were 155 wind turbines proposed to FAA in 2002. However, in 2003 the WV Public Service Commission did not approve the southern phase of NedPower’s proposed windplant due to concerns over visual impact to Dolly Sods Wilderness Area. Nonetheless, NedPower’s windplant was authorized by the WV PSC to construct up to 200 industrial wind turbines in the central and northern portions of the project area so long as the project’s total generating capacity did not exceed 300 MW. NedPower sold its development rights to this windplant in 2006 to Shell’s wind energy division.
27 Nov 2006

NedPower and US WindForce Mount Storm, WV Windplants - Map of Turbine Locations

Nedpower_uswindforce_2006vs2002_(2)_thumb Dan Boone created this image using the digital USGS 7.5-minute topographic map mosaic for Grant County, WV (from NRCS Geospatial Data Gateway) and plotted the wind turbine locations for the 2 windplants –US WindForce (250 MW) and NedPower (300 MW) – which were approved for siting near Mount Storm, WV in 2002 and 2003, respectively. Turbine locations were based on the lat-long coordinates provided in FAA's 7460-1 database for these facilities in 2006 and for turbines planned in 2002 (NedPower only). US WindForce’s wind turbine locations as planned in 2002 were based on their application to the WV Public Service Commission.
27 Nov 2006

Mountaineer (WV) After (2)

Mountaineer_after_(2)_thumb This is a wider view from the same photograph (Mountaineer (WV) After (1). The study area is shown by the rectanglular outline. Jon Boone's Comments regarding Mountaineer (WV) Before , Mountaineer (WV) After (1), and Mountaineer (WV) After (2)(this image). The first two images (i.e. Before and After 1) show the extensive forest-interior habitat that existed before the windplant was constructed and the resulting impacts following construction in late 2002. The third image (i.e. After 2) shows the southern half of the windplant (about 22 turbines) and identifies the boundaries of the study area for the pre- vs. post-construction analysis. It also shows that the study area I chose was fairly representative of the existing habitat conditions at this windplant and gives a better view of the magnitude of the development’s impacts on forest and especially forest-interior habitat. [Forest interior is the type of habitat that exists at more than 100 meters from a clearing. Forest interior is required for the survival of certain species and is the type of habitat most easily destroyed by any form of development.] On the portion of the site that I analyzed, the construction of this wind factory cleared over 42 acres of forest for the string of eight turbines (out of 44) that I analyzed. The extensive fragmentation of habitat resulting from the 50-ft-wide service road and the 5+ acres (average) that were bulldozed to erect each turbine caused the loss of over 150 acres of forest-interior conditions within this once-contiguous forest tract. My estimate is that a complete analysis of the entire project area, including 5.5 miles of ridgetop and 44 turbines, would find a total of nearly 200 acres of forest were cleared and over 750 acres of forest-interior habitat was lost following construction of the Mountaineer wind energy facility.
14 Jan 2005

Mountaineer (WV) After (1)

Mountaineer_after_thumb This is a post-construction photo in natural color covering the same area shown in Mountaineer (WV) Before. The yellow circles are in the same locations as above to allow accurate comparisons. It is somewhat difficult to pick out the actual wind turbines but their prominent shadows are easily discernable. They are black lines pointing roughly NE except the two in the SW corner, which point WNW in this composite photo. The 44 turbines of the Mountaineer project were manufactured by NEG Micon and imported from Denmark. They are 345 feet tall and each turbine can generate up to 1.5 MW when the wind is blowing optimally. However, because the winds blowing over Appalachian ridges are intermittent and only occasionally ‘optimal’, a realistic estimate of the annual average generating potential for a 1.5-MW turbine in this region would be less than 0.5 MW, a 30% capacity factor. Jon Boone's Comments regarding Mountaineer (WV) Before , Mountaineer (WV) After (1)(this image), and Mountaineer (WV) After (2). The first two images (i.e. Before and After 1) show the extensive forest-interior habitat that existed before the windplant was constructed and the resulting impacts following construction in late 2002. The third image (i.e. After 2) shows the southern half of the windplant (about 22 turbines) and identifies the boundaries of the study area for the pre- vs. post-construction analysis. It also shows that the study area I chose was fairly representative of the existing habitat conditions at this windplant and gives a better view of the magnitude of the development’s impacts on forest and especially forest-interior habitat. [Forest interior is the type of habitat that exists at more than 100 meters from a clearing. Forest interior is required for the survival of certain species and is the type of habitat most easily destroyed by any form of development.] On the portion of the site that I analyzed, the construction of this wind factory cleared over 42 acres of forest for the string of eight turbines (out of 44) that I analyzed. The extensive fragmentation of habitat resulting from the 50-ft-wide service road and the 5+ acres (average) that were bulldozed to erect each turbine caused the loss of over 150 acres of forest-interior conditions within this once-contiguous forest tract. My estimate is that a complete analysis of the entire project area, including 5.5 miles of ridgetop and 44 turbines, would find a total of nearly 200 acres of forest were cleared and over 750 acres of forest-interior habitat was lost following construction of the Mountaineer wind energy facility.
14 Jan 2005

Mountaineer (WV) Before

Mountaineer_before_thumb Site of a portion of the Mountaineer Wind Energy Center in 1997, five years before the start of construction. This is a digital color infrared photograph, which explains the odd coloration. The red areas are the conifer tree species (spruce, pine and hemlock) which are highly reflective of infrared light. The photo was taken during the winter so the brown areas depict the bare deciduous forest, mostly northern hardwoods — maple, birch, cherry, and northern red oak. The green bar at lower left is a 100m [328 foot] scale. This study area was chosen to compare before and after conditions, illustrating the impact of this type of development. Jon Boone's Comments regarding Mountaineer (WV) Before (this image), Mountaineer (WV) After (1), and Mountaineer (WV) After (2). The first two images (i.e. Before and After 1) show the extensive forest-interior habitat that existed before the windplant was constructed and the resulting impacts following construction in late 2002. The third image (i.e. After 2) shows the southern half of the windplant (about 22 turbines) and identifies the boundaries of the study area for the pre- vs. post-construction analysis. It also shows that the study area I chose was fairly representative of the existing habitat conditions at this windplant and gives a better view of the magnitude of the development’s impacts on forest and especially forest-interior habitat. [Forest interior is the type of habitat that exists at more than 100 meters from a clearing. Forest interior is required for the survival of certain species and is the type of habitat most easily destroyed by any form of development.] On the portion of the site that I analyzed, the construction of this wind factory cleared over 42 acres of forest for the string of eight turbines (out of 44) that I analyzed. The extensive fragmentation of habitat resulting from the 50-ft-wide service road and the 5+ acres (average) that were bulldozed to erect each turbine caused the loss of over 150 acres of forest-interior conditions within this once-contiguous forest tract. My estimate is that a complete analysis of the entire project area, including 5.5 miles of ridgetop and 44 turbines, would find a total of nearly 200 acres of forest were cleared and over 750 acres of forest-interior habitat was lost following construction of the Mountaineer wind energy facility.
1 Jan 1997

http://www.windaction.org/posts?location=West+Virginia&p=39&type=Picture
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