Documents from Pennsylvania

Biological Survey responds to PA Game Commission wind energy voluntary cooperation agreement

Review_of_pgc_wind_energy_agreement_mtc_of_pa_biological_survey_thumb This report, authored by the Wind Energy and Bats subcommittee to the Pennsylvania Biological Survey's (PaBS) Mammal Technical Committee, documents the PA Game Commission's direct side-stepping of a long-established memorandum of agreement with the PaBS when the Game Commission developed and finalized the Wind Energy Voluntary Cooperation Agreement without the review or input of the Biological Survey. The memorandum of agreement was created over 10 years ago to help ensure that the Game Commission obtained advice from experts about actions affecting the mammals inhabiting the Commonwealth.
1 Jun 2007

Tyrone Township wind energy ordinance (PA)

Ordinance_no_10-11-06a_regulating_windmills_revised10-13-06_thumb AN ORDINANCE OF THE TOWNSHIP OF TYRONE REGULATING WINDMILLS BY REQUIRING: NON-ASSIGNABLE PERMITS FOR CONSTRUCTION; INSPECTIONS; COMPLIANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE LAWS; MAINTENANCE, REPAIR, REPLACEMENT AND REMOVAL GUIDELINES; THE POSTING OF FINANCIAL SECURITY FOR REMOVAL; SETBACKS BE ESTABLISHED OF AT LEAST 3,000 FEET FROM OCCUPIED STRUCTURES AND SETBACKS IN CERTAIN HERITAGE, HISTORICAL, WETLAND AND IMPORTANT MAMMAL AREAS; REMEDIES; PENALTIES FOR VIOLATION; AND AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
6 Oct 2006

Throwing Caution to the Wind: the growing threat of Industrial Wind Energy Development in Pennsylvania to Wildlife, Habitat and Public Lands

Boone2_thumb This is a comprehensive, well documented and thoughtful presentation on a wide range of industrial wind issues by Dan Boone, Consulting Conservation Biologist, at the public meeting held by Save Our Allegheny Ridges in Bedford, PA on September 18, 2006
1 Oct 2006

Model Ordinance for Wind Energy Facilities in Pennsylvania

Modelwindordinance06_thumb The ordinance was crafted by many individuals and groups including, Pennsylvania State Association of Township Supervisors (PSATS), County Commissioners Association of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania League of Cities and Municipalities, PennFuture, Community Energy, FPL Energy, PPM Energy and Gamesa Corp.Editor's Note: Please note the identity of those involved in this project.
2 May 2006

Meyersdale Wind Generation Facility - Acoustic Noise Generated by Wind Turbines

Soysal12-24-05_thumb Presented at the Lycoming County, PA Zoning Board Hearing on 12/14/2005 Overview • Measurements at distance of 0.55 miles from wind farm in Meyersdale, PA – Sound level measurements – Sound recordings • Analysis of the frequency composition of the noise generated by wind turbines • Analysis of the ambient noise level as a function of wind speed • Discussion of the wind turbine noise characteristics
24 Dec 2005

Wind Power in Pennsylvania: It Isn’t Easy Being Green

The generation of electricity by wind is a growing industry in Pennsylvania. While wind energy is certainly an attractive alternative to the pollution produced by fossil fuel power plants, all potential environmental impacts must be measured if electricity produced this way is to truly qualify as “green energy.” Surprisingly, only minimal environmental studies need to be done to site a wind farm in Pennsylvania. Improper siting of some wind farms in the U.S. has impacted migratory bird, resident bird, and bat populations. We present bird-impaction data from an industrial facility 30 km south of a proposed wind farm in Luzurne County, Pennsylvania, that suggest caution in the blind embrace of this energy technology. Siting decisions are made at the local government levels and are primarily based on economic incentives. We argue (a) that this energy alternative must incorporate robust site-specific impaction studies at each wind farm to demonstrate effects throughout the Commonwealth, and (b) that local government officials be given the guidance necessary to encourage and provide environmental oversight to wind farms in their areas.
1 Jul 2005

Capacity Factor: Three PA and 1 WV Wind Plants

Capacity_factors_thumb Capacity Factor by Month: (1) Mountaineer Windplant, WV, (2) Meyersdale Windplant, PA, (3) Mill Run Windplant, PA, and (4) Waymart Windplant, PA. This information, by month, highlights the issue of whether wind is available when electricity is needed. The charts reflect strong winds in the winter months and considerably lighter winds in the summer when demand for electricity is expected to peak.
8 Feb 2005

Relationships between Bats and Wind Turbines in Pennsylvania and West Virginia: An Assessment of Fatality Search Protocols, Patterns of Fatality, and Behavioral Interactions with Wind Turbines

Bats_and_iwt_in_pa_and_wva_thumb The BWEC implemented research to improve fatality search protocols for bats and to evaluate interactions between bats and wind turbines from 31 July through 13 September 2004, the period when bat fatalities have most often been reported at wind facilities. The goal was to establish a basis for developing solutions to prevent or minimize threats to bats at wind energy facilities.
1 Jan 2004

Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative

Bats_and_wind_energy_cooperative_scientists_thumb After reviewing data collected during a groundbreaking research effort, the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative (BWEC), a government-conservationindustry partnership, reported today substantial bat kills at two wind farms in the mid-Atlantic region between August 1 and September 13 of 2004. The report summarizes the first year’s research on potential causes and solutions. The research included the most detailed studies ever performed on bat fatality at wind sites and provides a foundation for further efforts aimed at better understanding why bats are being killed and how to minimize future fatalities.
1 Jan 2004

correspondence on Bat Kill re. Meyersdale Windplant

Gannon_usfws_letters_1__thumb Dear Mr. Boone: I am in receipt of the information you sent regarding the Meyersdale wind project and the risk to bats, specifically Indiana bats in that area and your request for my opinion on this project. I have also done some research on my own concerning wind turbines and its affects on bats, to determine what data are available in the scientific literature in this area. I base this opinion on data and scientific literature, and my 16 years experience studying bat biology and bat ecology.
29 Oct 2003

http://www.windaction.org/posts?location=Pennsylvania&p=2&type=Document
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