Library filed under Impact on Birds from UK
Wind farms are shrinking golden eagles' habitats as they are afraid of the blades, a study has found. The birds of prey are eight times less likely to fly near turbines when they are rotating compared with when they are switched off, scientists from the ecological company Natural Research Projects have found. It is thought the birds are avoiding areas where turbines are situated because the noise and movement makes them feel threatened. Another theory is that the circling blades remind them of human arms, or they associate them with human activity.
The RSPB says kittiwakes will need to fly through the area, dodging turbines, to reach feeding grounds. ...The developers have promised to compensate for the impact on the birds. They plan to do this by building four bespoke nesting towers to encourage them on land. But the RSPB says it will take a decade to see whether this idea works – and that will be too late because the wind farms will be up and running by then.
It’s an important question on the Yorkshire coast, where over 500 wind turbines are situated offshore and a further 800 are under construction or planned. All are located on what is a major route for birds migrating to and from northern Europe as well as fishing grounds for seabirds like gannets, kittiwakes, guillemots, razorbills and puffins which nest on the chalk cliffs at Bempton and Flamborough.
RSPB Scotland has welcomed the new research, with the charity hopeful it will accurately expose the dangers of offshore windfarms to wildlife for the first time. North anti-windfarm protesters, however, claim the commissioning of the study is “too little, too late”. The 11-turbine Aberdeen Bay Wind Farm is already operating, while two of the largest offshore wind projects in the world ...are under construction.
The pair of ospreys at Llyn Brenig raised one chick and it was thought that all three birds had commenced their southward migration by the end of August. However, in late September news emerged that the body of this year’s youngster (KC5) had been found adjacent to a wind turbine, around 5 km south-east of the nest, on 6 August.
“Our seabirds and marine environment are in trouble, facing a cocktail of threats from human pressures and climate change. “Without transforming how we plan development in our seas alongside the delivery of meaningful conservation measures, these combined threats risk irreversible seabird losses.
"However, in late September, we heard the truly distressing news that the body of this year's youngster (KC5) had been found adjacent to a wind turbine, some 4.8km south-east of the nest, on August 6. "This is clearly a very sad outcome for all concerned, and we will be working with RWE Renewables UK and other stakeholders to assess and implement opportunities to reduce the risks of any future, similar occurrence.
Scottish SPCA auxiliary inspector, Maggie Adkins, said: “On arrival it was clear the eagle had a serious head injury and it was also being eaten alive by midges. “It was found in a remote part of the island close to a large wind turbine, so this is likely to have been the cause of its injuries.”
A bid to build a huge offshore wind farm has been held up because of the impact it would have on an endangered bird and a mid-Norfolk village. Alok Sharma, secretary of state for business, energy and industrial strategy, announced on Wednesday that he was “minded to approve” Hornsea Three wind farm, but the energy company behind it needed to give him more information before the end of September.
A decision on whether the world's largest offshore wind farm will be built has been delayed amid fears it will harm endangered birds. The Government was meant to rule on October 2 whether or not the Hornsea Three wind farm - 120 kilometres off the north Norfolk coast - would get the go-ahead.
RSPB Scotland director Stuart Housden stressed that the wind farm projects threatened to kill thousands of Scotland’ s internationally protected sea birds every year, including thousands of puffins, gannets and kittiwakes. “While we fully support deployment of renewable energy, this must not be at any cost,” he said.
Data collected will include three-dimensional radar tracks as well as video footage of birds moving through the development. It will allow identification of specific species, showing flight height as well as individual and group behaviour. The findings will reveal whether and how often birds might be colliding with the giant structures or if they are being displaced from important feeding grounds.
The attached letter written by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds raises their concerns over Hornsea Project Three, an offshore wind project located in the North Sea. New information has arisen indicating that the project will adversely effect the breeding grounds of the gannet, kittiwake, and black-backed gull populations and negatively impact the integrity of the Flamborough and Filey Coast SPA. The Royal Society urges the Secretary of State to extend the deadline for the project's development order to consider this new information and recommends that alternative energy solutions be explored.
It’s suspected that lower frequency noises make the robin singer “sound” bigger and thus reduce the need for more direct physical encounters to defend their territory. But with the low frequency sound emitted by wind turbines drowning them out, there was a suggestion that robins were having to rely more on puffing out their red chest to deter aggressors.
Study coauthor Professor Maria Thaker said: 'We have known from many studies that wind farms affect birds and bats. 'They kill them and disrupt their movement. But we took that one step further and discovered that it affects lizards too. 'Every time a top predator is removed or added, unexpected effects trickle through the ecosystem.
The Scottish division of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) has hit out against a study published today on the risk to seabirds through collision with offshore wind turbines, calling the findings a “very optimistic interpretation of data”.
It is not in the interests of the wind industry or Scottish Government to let the public know how many thousands of birds and bats their turbines are killing. The public will not like it and may well demand the slaughter ceases and that would mean no more turbines because it is impossible to stop.
The Scottish Gamekeepers Association (SGA) believes the impact of the country’s growing number of wind farms on protected wildlife may have been massively under-reported. It has called for monitoring around turbine sites to be tightened up to provide more accurate information about the part they play.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) has applied to the Supreme Court for permission to appeal against the development of a wind farm which it argues would impact seabird colonies.
The company behind plans for a £2 billion wind farm off the Fife coast has called on bird protection charity the RSPB to abandon any further potential legal proceedings which could scupper the project and put hundreds of potential jobs at risk.