Articles filed under Impact on Birds from Europe
Wind farms are shrinking golden eagles' habitats as they are afraid of the blades, a study has found. The birds of prey are eight times less likely to fly near turbines when they are rotating compared with when they are switched off, scientists from the ecological company Natural Research Projects have found. It is thought the birds are avoiding areas where turbines are situated because the noise and movement makes them feel threatened. Another theory is that the circling blades remind them of human arms, or they associate them with human activity.
A young Bearded Vulture that had been released last year in the Alps and that had wandered to northern Europe has been found dead under a wind turbine in The Netherlands.
‘We had seen it flying in between two turbines the day before and were afraid it might crash into one,’ Pohlmann said. ‘It’s a terrible shame and a big blow to the introduction programme. It was very upsetting to see it lying there.’ The Vulture Conservation Foundation has been involved in the reintroduction of the bearded vulture, or lammergeier, since 1986.
Ms Villey-Migraine said: “They are on top of a mountain, in a region with protected species including golden eagles. 'One young eagle was killed by a turbine and the death of a cinereous vulture led to an order for the turbines to turn only at night'. "There are also restrictions due to bats. Other turbines on the mountains threaten protected species, but these were the only ones we could challenge in the courts over the building permit.”
The Versailles Court of Appeal has just ordered EDF and its subsidiaries to pay 500 euros to the France Nature Environnement association and reminds that the destruction of protected species is prohibited. The FNE renews its request for the dismantling of the wind turbines in Aumelas (Hérault).
However, the wind power industry has voiced concern that the judgment could scupper plans to relax protections in order to ramp up wind farm construction. Wolfram Axthelm of German wind power association BWE told business daily Handelsblatt that the judgment would not help his sector. “Individual species protection in every planning application represents a massive hurdle,” he said.
"The judgment does not help us as an industry," said Wolfram Axthelm managing director of the German Wind Energy Association (BWE) to the Handelsblatt. The challenge remains of balancing the protection of the individual birds and the protection of the population. The ball is now with the legislature in Germany. "The Environment Ministers' Conference has taken up the topic and must now come to results as quickly as possible," said Axthelm.
Benissa councillor, Mari Carme Ronda, claims the 82-metre blades would be a threat to species of birds such as the Golden Eagle, the Peregrine Falcon and the Osprey. After discovering the plan on Wednesday, she said the windmills (each as high as a 30-storey building) would have ‘a beastly environmental and landscape impact.’
The verdict of the highest Hessian administrative court represents a setback for the Green Ministers Tarek Al-Wazir (economy) and Priska Hinz (environment), who urged the faster expansion of wind energy. They tried to lower the species protections in order to allow for the expansion of wind power under a decree that came into force two weeks ago.
The generation of energy has priority over species protection, according to an administrative regulation that Economy Minister Tarek Al-Wazir and Environment Minister Priska Hinz jointly launched at the beginning of the year. The Hessian Administrative Court has now soberly ruled that the decree has "no binding effect on the courts".
The RSPB says kittiwakes will need to fly through the area, dodging turbines, to reach feeding grounds. ...The developers have promised to compensate for the impact on the birds. They plan to do this by building four bespoke nesting towers to encourage them on land. But the RSPB says it will take a decade to see whether this idea works – and that will be too late because the wind farms will be up and running by then.
It’s an important question on the Yorkshire coast, where over 500 wind turbines are situated offshore and a further 800 are under construction or planned. All are located on what is a major route for birds migrating to and from northern Europe as well as fishing grounds for seabirds like gannets, kittiwakes, guillemots, razorbills and puffins which nest on the chalk cliffs at Bempton and Flamborough.
RSPB Scotland has welcomed the new research, with the charity hopeful it will accurately expose the dangers of offshore windfarms to wildlife for the first time. North anti-windfarm protesters, however, claim the commissioning of the study is “too little, too late”. The 11-turbine Aberdeen Bay Wind Farm is already operating, while two of the largest offshore wind projects in the world ...are under construction.
The pair of ospreys at Llyn Brenig raised one chick and it was thought that all three birds had commenced their southward migration by the end of August. However, in late September news emerged that the body of this year’s youngster (KC5) had been found adjacent to a wind turbine, around 5 km south-east of the nest, on 6 August.
“Our seabirds and marine environment are in trouble, facing a cocktail of threats from human pressures and climate change. “Without transforming how we plan development in our seas alongside the delivery of meaningful conservation measures, these combined threats risk irreversible seabird losses.
"However, in late September, we heard the truly distressing news that the body of this year's youngster (KC5) had been found adjacent to a wind turbine, some 4.8km south-east of the nest, on August 6. "This is clearly a very sad outcome for all concerned, and we will be working with RWE Renewables UK and other stakeholders to assess and implement opportunities to reduce the risks of any future, similar occurrence.
This 'contrast painting' could speed up permitting of new wind farms and allow turbines to be installed in places previously thought to be too problematic, scientists argue
Scottish SPCA auxiliary inspector, Maggie Adkins, said: “On arrival it was clear the eagle had a serious head injury and it was also being eaten alive by midges. “It was found in a remote part of the island close to a large wind turbine, so this is likely to have been the cause of its injuries.”
The Hellenic Ornithological Society said these large birds, which have a wingspan of almost 3 meters, nest together with Dalmation pelicans in the Little Prespa wetlands and are an emblematic species of the region, protected internationally.
In a joint letter to the Prime Minister of Greece and the Ministry of Environment and Energy, 12 environmental NGOs and Scientific Societies call for the cancellation of wind farm development plans on 14 protected islets in the South Aegean.