Documents from Europe

Gone with the wind: valuing the local impacts of wind turbines through house prices

Windfarmsandhousepricesnovember2013v5_thumb This research provides quantitative evidence of the local benefits and costs of wind farm developments in the United Kingdom. In the tradition of studies in environmental, public and urban economics, housing costs are used to reveal local preferences for wind farm development in England and Wales. The authors compared housing price changes in places close to wind farms when wind farms become operational with various comparator groups. These comparator groups include: places close to wind farms that became operational in the past, or where they will become operational in the future; places close to wind farms sites that were refused planning permission; places close to wind farms that are planned or proposed but are not yet operational; and places close to where wind farms became operational but where the turbines are hidden by the terrain. All these comparisons suggest that wind farm developments reduce local house prices. The findings of the paper are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
1 Nov 2013

Scottish Court overrules approval of 457 MW wind facility - Decision

Courtruling-sustainable-shetland_thumb This count ruling issued by Lady Clark of Calton overturns the April 4, 2012 decision by the Scottish Ministers to grant consent for the construction and operation of a 103 turbine (maximum generating capacity of 457 megawatts) Viking Wind facility. The Judge found that the Ministers failed to properly interpret and followe the Wild Birds Directive 2009. An excerpt of comprehensive ruling explaining the court's interpetation of the Directive is provided below. The full decision by the court can be accessed by clicking on the link(s) at the bottom of this page.
24 Sep 2013

Owners of Le Château de Flers v La Compagnie du Vent

Tgi_montpellier_fev_2010_thumb Tribunal de Grande in Montpellier in France found that the visual and audible impacts of an operating wind facility on the owners of the Eighteenth Century Château de Flers in the northern French province of Nord-Pas-de-Calais were unreasonable and ordered the ten turbines be removed. A summary of the Tribunal's ruling is provided below. The full order can be found by clicking the link(s) on this page.
17 Sep 2013

The Vindication of Don Quixote: The impact of noise and visual pollution from wind turbines on local residents in Denmark

The_vindication_of_don_quixote_ifro_wp_2013_13_thumb This paper examines the negative impacts of turbine view and noise on the sale of residential properties. The authors conclude that "noise and visual pollution from wind turbines have a considerable impact on nearby residential properties." and that "local residents who live in close proximity to these sustainable giants experience some very real negative externalities in the form of noise and visual pollution." The abstract and conclusion of the paper are posted below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
10 Sep 2013

Report on the Health Impacts of Wind Farms Shetland 2013

Report_on_health_impacts_wind_farms_thumb NHS Shetland’s director of public health Dr Sarah Taylor conducted a literature review of studies produced over the past 10 years on the effects of wind turbines have on people’s health. The summary of Dr. Taylor's report is provided below. The full document can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
2 Aug 2013

Portuguese Supreme Court orders 4 wind turbines removed

This important ruling by the Portuguese Supreme Court determined that noise emissions from a four turbine facility had resulted in severe impacts on a family living and working nearby. A lower court recommended that the turbines suspend operations from dusk to dawn but the Supreme Count found this decision was unacceptable since the turbines made noise during the day. The court ordered suspension of the total operation of wind turbine nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4 both day and night and the defendant, therefore, remove them. The defendant was also ordered to pay the plaintiffs as compensation the sum of thirty thousand euros. A portion of the ruling is provided below. The full ruling can be accessed by clinking the link(s) on this page.
30 May 2013

The safety aspects of the Highland Council’s practice of placing small wind turbines in school playgrounds

Sy-caithness-report_thumb Stuart Young Consulting has reviewed The Highland Council's risk assessment and mitigation measures in siting a wind turbine at the Castletown Primary School as a representative sample of the installations at school playgrounds. The introduction of the review is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
21 May 2013

Public health effects of siting and operating onshore wind turbines

19085692_fr_thumb In this scientific policy advisory report, the Superior Health Council of Belgium answers questions on the impact on health and well-being of siting wind farms in residential areas, placed in a context of sustainable development. The Superior Health Council formulates general recommendations as well as recommendations linked to specific physical environmental factors in order to develop onshore wind energy in a socially acceptable way, taking a quality of life perspective.
3 Apr 2013

The Impact of Wind Farms on Property Values: A Geographically Weighted Hedonic Pricing Model

Fcn_wp3_2012-pdf_thumb This paper examines the impacts of wind turbines on property values. The researchers look at distance and other factors, including visual effect and shadow flicker. The results found that property values were reduced particularly for properties within 1.5 kilometers of the turbines. The abstract and portions of the conclusion are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
2 Mar 2013

The Limits of Wind Power

Thelimitsofwindpowerstudy-adamsmithinstitute_thumb This analysis examines the constraints of deploying wind energy and the upper limits of how much wind can be installed. The executive summary is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
1 Feb 2013

Power with Responsibility: Energy Policy Review 2013

Energy_jan13_final_thumb The Scottish Conservatives released this policy statement recommending that the number of planned onshore wind farms be substantially reduced in Scotland and their subsidy cut by fifty per cent to limit household bills. A subset of the report is provided below. Select the links at the bottom of this page to access the full report.
24 Jan 2013

Analysis of wind farm performance in the United Kingdom and Denmark

Ref-hughes-19-12-12_thumb The Renewable Energy Foundation published this research paper by Dr Gordon Hughes, Professor of Economics at the University of Edinburgh, on the performance over time of wind farms in the United Kingdom and Denmark.  The paper can be downloaded by clicking the link(s) on this page.  The UK and Danish data used in the analysis is also available below. The following summarizes the results of the research.
19 Dec 2012

Analysis of wind farm performance in the United Kingdom and Denmark

Ref-hughes-19-12-12_thumb The Renewable Energy Foundation published this research paper by Dr Gordon Hughes, Professor of Economics at the University of Edinburgh, on the performance over time of wind farms in the United Kingdom and Denmark.  The paper can be downloaded by clicking the link(s) on this page.  The UK and Danish data used in the analysis is also available below. The following summarizes the results of the research.
19 Dec 2012

Acquired flexural deformation of the distal interphalangeal joint in foals

Flexural-deformation-in-foals_thumb This study (originally prepared in Portuguese) concluded that a high incidence of acquired flexural limb deformities were as a direct result of the proximity to large wind turbines (2 MW) to the stud farm in question, where the vibration and noise caused by the turbines resulted in acquired flexural deformation of the distal interphalangeal joint in foals. The introduction and conclusions of the report are provided below in English. The full report, in English and Portuguese, can be downloaded from this page. 
1 Aug 2012

Wind turbine noise impact assessment: Where ETSU is silent

Where_etsu_is_silent__cox__unwin__sherman_10_july_2012_thumb This important document critiques the ETSU-R-97 environmental assessment of noise from wind turbines in the United Kingdom. The ETSU-R-97 was written by a Noise Working Group (NWG) set up in 1995 by the Department of Trade and Industry through ETSU (the Energy Technology Support Unit). The noise policy is still in effect today and followed by wind developers outside of the United Kingdom.
10 Jul 2012

https://www.windaction.org/posts?location=Europe&p=4&type=Document
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