Library filed under Impact on Landscape from Australia / New Zealand
It may be the time to consider how wind farms fit in with the values which the Wilderness Society represents. If the Society is prepared to go through such a prolonged and worthy fight to save the forests, with all the financial and emotional costs involved, it would be consistent to regard wind farm development with the same scepticism with which it regards the wood chip industry. Both are potent adversaries to the values which I hope we share.
Shocked Dunedin councillors were forced yesterday to come to terms with the wideranging effects Meridian Energy’s Project Hayes wind farm could have on the city. A council committee has moved to oppose the wind farm, after discovering it could have “significant” adverse effects on Dunedin, even though the development will be built outside the city boundaries and the council has limited power to affect it. Some councillors were angry they had only recently heard details of the effects. These include Meridian’s expectations of a total of 76,900 vehicle movements, and the possibility of trucks weighing up to 125 tonnes and as long as 60m, rumbling down Riccarton Rd in Mosgiel, Mountfort St in Outram, and the Old Dunstan Rd. The wind farm was also expected to have adverse effects on the character and amenity of rural-zoned land, significant outstanding landscape, and fire safety, a report by council resource consent manager Alan Worthington said.
This indepth 142-page report looks at many dimensions of wind power including its contribution to sustainable energy; New Zealand developments to date; international trends; impacts on landscapes and communities; legal and policy frameworks; and case studies from Auckland, Wellington, and Manawatu.
The south-west WA group opposed to the Denmark community wind farm doubts its proponents will be able to raise enough money to build it. The wind farm committee says the project, near Ocean Beach, could supply up to 60 per cent of Denmark’s power, but opponents argue it will be a blight on a scenic coastal landscape. The final feasibility study on the wind farm concluded the project will cost $2.6 million, and the committee hopes half that will come from Federal Government grants, despite Environment Minister Ian Campbell’s criticisms of the project. Peter Mortimer from the South Coast Landscape Guardians says the wind farm would have more support if it was in a less sensitive location.
The foundations of a new source of electricity are being laid at White Hill, near Mossburn, that by May will transform the landscape into a towering army of marching windmills, each stretching more than 100m into the sky. The wind turbine project, a first for Southland, is being built for electricity generator Meridian Energy at a projected cost of $110 million and, when all 29 turbines are commissioned – scheduled for late next year – their combined output would be capable of powering most of Southland, including Invercargill City. Meridian expects that the first of the turbines will be running by May.
A wind farm in the Turitea Reserve could ruin the city water supply. Erosion could be a problem that would be difficult to overcome, a Massey University geography professor says. The $1 million a year the Palmerston North City Council is hoping to get for its wind farm might not be enough to pay for the damage it does, John Flenley says. The problem is the removal of vegetation – native bush or scrub, whatever – to install the turbines themselves, as well as the road construction needed to the site. And it could take 100 years for all that vegetation to grow back.
The Tararua-Aokautere Guardians believe that the Manawatu landscape cannot support this number of wind farms without irreplaceable damage being done to our natural landscape. Should Manawatu sacrifice all of its ridges and hilltops for the benefit of greater New Zealand? When does “enough” become too much?
This image file, created August 2006, details the current, in progress, and at consent stages of wind facilities located in the Manawatu area of New Zealand.
A landscape architect says 37 wind turbines proposed for Te Waka Range in Hawke's Bay, would have a major adverse effect on the environment.
The visual effect of a proposed wind farm on Te Waka Range near Te Pohue on State Highway 5 was the hot topic of discussion during the second day of a resource consent hearing at the Hastings District Council chambers yesterday.
A proposal by a global investment company to build a massive $220 million wind farm near Bungendore, with turbines close to the shores of Lake George, has drawn fierce opposition from residents and scientists.
Unison, with Tasmanian-based firm Roaring 40s, was given resource consent by the Hastings District Council's hearings committee for 16 turbines in August last year - a decision which was almost immediately appealed by Hawke's Bay historian Patrick Parsons' Outstanding Natural Landscapes Protection Society.
Opponents today vowed to fight the resource consent granted to Meridian Energy to build 70 super-sized wind turbines near Makara in Wellington.
A COMMUNITY group of concerned citizens has formed in the wake of Snowy River Shire Council approving a development application for a 16-turbine wind farm at Snowy Plain.
The Albany Wind facility in Australia. The site includes twelve (12) model ENERCON E-66 wind turbine generators, each equipped with three 35 metrer long blades fitted to 65m towers.
This submission deals only with the potential impact on the natural environment and in particular birds and bats.