Freedom Maine: Wind Ordinance

Freedom-maine-wind-ordinance2015_thumb The Town of Freedom in Maine adopted this Wind Energy Ordinance requiring setbacks of 13 times the turbine height for three larger classes of windmills, which can represent a distance up to 1-mile. The ordinance limits nighttime noise emissions to 35 dB(A) and shadow flicker to no more than 10-hours per year on properties that are not participating with the the wind project. Portions of the ordinance are provided below. The full ordinance can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
26 Nov 2015

Mynydd y Gwynt wind farm denied: Decision

Secretary_of_state_decision_letter_and_statement_of_reasons_thumb This decision letter issued by the United Kingdom energy secretary reports that the Mynydd y Gwynt wind energy proposal has been denied. Reasons for the denial include the secretary's inability to determine the project's impact on red kites resident at the Elenydd-Mallaen special protection area (SPA). A portion of the decision is provided below. The full document can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. The project would have sited 27 turbines of between 3 MW and 3.3 MW each in Powys.
20 Nov 2015

Boone County Illinois wind ordinance

Newwecsordinance-boonecountyil_thumb Following 9 months of testimony and cross examination as well as supportive votes cast by the Boone County zoning board of adjustment, the full county board met and passed this wind energy ordinance with a 9 to 3 margin. The ordinance provides for several protective provisions including establishing setback distances of 2,640 feet or 5.5 times the height of the wind turbine including the blades at the highest point, whichever is greater. A protion of the ordinance is provided below. The full document can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
15 Nov 2015

Horizon Wind Thunder Bay denial

011-8937_refusal-thunderbay_thumb Horizon Wind Inc. first proposed the controversial wind project in 2007 that would place 16 wind turbines at various locations in the south Neebing area of Thunder Bay. The project was first approved by the city council but with objections to some turbine locations. Legal actions by Horizon eventually paved the way for the project but not without continued objections by the residents. Due to delays, the feed-in-tariff contract signed with Ontario was canceled in 2014. The project is now officially off the books in Ontario. This denial document, issued on October 29, 2015, explains why.
29 Oct 2015

Effect of wind turbine noise on workers' sleep disorder: A case study of Manjil Wind Farm in Northern Iran

40201_2015_article_225_thumb This paper examines the impact of wind turbine noise among wind farm workers. Turbine noise.can affect annoyance, sleep and health, and any disorder in these factors can amplify the sound exposure effects in the people living close to wind turbines. The effect of the noise exposure on the annoyance, sleep disturbance and health of the people living near to wind farms and their mutual effects on each other was studied in various places around the world and there is a comprehensive literature in this area [6–8], but, so far no study has been conducted to investigate these relations among wind farm workers. The abstract and background for the study are provided below. The full report can be accessed at the links on this page.
15 Oct 2015

Documented aircraft near-misses with wind turbines

Air_and_flight_safety_reports_windfarms_annex_thumb RAF pilots have reported a catalogue of near misses with wind farms in the United Kingdom. Pilots are making over 1,000 manual corrections to their charts every month to try and keep up with the changes. This document presents the reports completed by the pilots. The Light Aircraft Association (LAA) also warns there is a potential for a mid-air disaster.  Neil Geddes, LAA Inspector stated: “You only really understand how cluttered parts of Scotland are with wind turbines when you are flying a light aircraft. ...They cause downwind turbulence which can be an issue but at least we can spot them and take evasive action. It is the anenometer masts put up to measure wind speed and such like that are the real problem. They are practically impossible to see because they are so tall and slim. If you don’t know there is one on your flight path – and lets face it, it takes maps a year to catch up and by then there will be more of them – there is little you can do. In certain weather and light conditions they will be impossible to detect. It’s only a matter of time before we have a disastrous accident in our hands.”
2 Sep 2015

LCRA disputes wind power contract

8-mtn-to-compel-arbitration_thumb Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) signed an 18-year contract for energy from the  Papalote Creek Wind Farm II located in southeast Texas. The contact price was fixed for the term of the agreement at $64.75 a megawatt-hour. With wind now selling at half that price, LCRA is seeking to reduce its liability. There is a dispute between LCRA and Papalote Creek as to the cost if LCRA tries to end the contract early. This motion, filed by LCRA in federal court is intended to compel the wind company into arbitration in order to settle the dispute. LCRA sells wholesale power to dozens of Central Texas communities. A portion of the filing is provided below. The full motion can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. 
28 Aug 2015

Court decision denying Iberdrola permit upheld

Pmm_atlantic_renewable__28appeal2_29_thumb This important ruling by a panel of three Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Court judges reverses a county judge's order that allowed PPM Atlantic Renewable (now Iberdrola Renewables) to construct the South Chestnut Windpower Project in southern Fayette County, PA. The project consists of 24 turbines, each standing 425 feet tall. Ths week, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court affirmed the reversal. The decision, issued on May 20, 2014, upheld minimum setbacks from all property lines, not just participating landowners involved in the project (eliminating participating vs non-participating property owners), due to safety issues.  It also upheld that sound studies and bat studies must be completed to allow the project to be built. Despite the appeal process continuing, Iberdrola went ahead and erected the turbines but the project was built without the proper permits and approximately 14-15 of the turbines are out of compliance with the setback restrictions. The facts in this case as affirmed by the Supreme Court are provided below. The three court decisions issued by the lower courts and the Supreme Court can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. 
23 Aug 2015

Deepwater Wind Complaint

Deepwater_complaint_8-13-15_final_thumb Benjamin Riggs, the Rhode Island Manufacturers Association and others filed this complaint in Federal Court pertaining to the approval of an above-market power contract between Deepwater Wind and National grid. The plaintiffs initially pursued this matter before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”). However FERC chose not to act on it itself but rather to refer the matter to the courts. Consequently they ruled that “Our decision not to initiate an enforcement action means that Mr. Riggs may himself bring an enforcement action against the Rhode Island Commission in the appropriate court”. By law, that is federal court. The current action is limited to asking the federal government to assert its clear authority over the pricing mechanism for the Deepwater project. The complaint, a portion of which appears below, speaks for itself. The full complaint can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. In addition, the plaintiffs filed the attached Memorandum that explains the Motion for Summary Judgment. 
14 Aug 2015

Debra Shearwater v FWS and AWEA: Eagle 30-year take permit decision

Shearwater_v_ashe_order_re_sj.8-11-2015_thumb In this very critical decision by the US District Court of Northern District of California (Judge Lucy H. Koh), the 30-year take permits for bald and golden eagles established by the US Fish and Wildlife Service have been set aside and remanded back to the Service. An excerpt of the ruling is provided below. The full ruling can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. The complaint filed by the plaintiffs can also be accessed from this page.
11 Aug 2015

Infrasound: Low frequency noise and industrial wind turbines

Infasound__and_wind_turbines_final_version_4_august_2015_thumb With the proliferation of recent research and the rediscovery of earlier, until now largely ignored studies, infrasound and low frequency noise (LFN) can no longer be dismissed as irrelevant. This report shows why LFN must be given full consideration as a contributing cause of the distress of some of those people living near wind turbine installations. It also demonstrates why the Ontario and Canadian governments must pay attention to this research. The table of contents for the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clciking the links on this page.
4 Aug 2015

Senate Select Committee on Wind Turbines: Final Report

Interim_report_australiasenate_thumb The Australian Senate Select Committee on Wind Turbines, which was established in December 2014, released this final report based on a considerable volume of evidence collected from testimonies around the country and beyond. The committee received written and verbal evidence from State Governments, local councils, various federal government agencies, wind farm operators and manufacturers, country fire authorities, acousticians, medical experts and representatives from various associations and institutes. In addition, many private citizens  had the opportunity to voice their concerns with the planning, consultation, approval, development and operation of wind farms in Australia. The recommendations from both the interim and final reports are provided below. The full reports, both final and interim, can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. In addition, a minority, dissenting report is included.
3 Aug 2015

Investigation of perception at infrasound frequencies by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fmri) and magnetoencephalography

Full_paper_koch_v2-1_thumb This critical work investigated the brain's response following the stimulation with sounds at infrasound frequencies was investigated. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) a significant response was detected which was localised within the auditory cortex and which was present down to the lowest frequency presented (8 Hz). The abstract of this report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
16 Jul 2015

Wind Farm Impacts Study: Review of the visual, shadow flicker and noise impacts of onshore wind farms

Final_report_wind_farm_impacts_study_july_2015_issue_thumb This study looked at whether the visual, shadow flicker and noise impacts predicted by wind farm developers in documentation submitted with their planning applications are consistent with the impacts experienced once the wind farm is operational. Through an examination of 10 wind energy facilities, the authors concluded that in some cases the impacts described in the planning applications did not match the actual impact. A summary of the study and findings is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
15 Jul 2015

The true cost of energy: WIND

Full-report-true-cost-of-wind1_thumb This new research conducted by Utah State University examines the true costs of wind power. The authors conclude that wind energy is roughly 48% more expensive than the industry’s official estimates. The executive  summary of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
7 Jul 2015

Save Ontario Shores, Inc. V Town of Yates, Lighthouse Wind LLC

Steinhaus-petition_and_complaint_thumb This complaint before the State of New York Supreme Court was filed by property owners in the Town of Yates, in Orleans County. The court action was in response to a resolution by the Town of Yates Town Board granting a special use permit for the installation of a 60 meter tall wind measurement tower ("MET tower") and the subsequent building permit issued to Donna Rae Bane. Ms. Bane owns the property on which the met tower will be sited.
6 Jul 2015

Dr. Robert McMurtry Testimony before Australian Senate Select Committee on Wind Turbines

Senate_select_committee_on_wind_turbines_2015_06_29_3595_official_thumb Dr. McMurtry is Professor Emeritus of Western University in London, Ontario. He has researched and reviewed the health impacts of wind turbines for nearly a decade. He appeared before the Australian Senate Select Committee on Wind Turbines on June 29, 2015. The transcript of his appearance is provided below. A full transcript of the day can be found by clicking the link(s) on this page.  
29 Jun 2015
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