Documents

How does wind project performance change with age in the United States?

Wind_project_performance_1-s2.0-s2542435120301744-main_thumb Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) analyzed the performance of 917 wind plants in the United States and found steep declines in performance after the first 10 years of operation. The performance drop coincided with the plants losing their eligibility for the production tax credits (PTC). This could signal project owners are less interested in maintaining the turbines once the tax credits have ended. The PTC is available to operating projects during the first 10-years a project is in service. The summary of the paper is provided below. The full paper can be downloaded via the links on this page. 
15 May 2020

Travis AFB Midair Collision Avoidance Pamphlets 2007 to 2020

Travis_afb_maca_pamphlet_mar2011_thumb Travis Air Force Base Mid-Air Collision Avoidance pamphlets (MACA) for 2007, 2011, 2017, and 2020. In 2011, the MACA was amended to warn about the area over a wind turbine facility as being high-risk for mid-air collisions due to the impact of spinning turbine blades on radar. This warning did not appear in the 2007 MACA. At that time, the impact of the blades on digital radar systems was not well understood. Analog radars are not impacted by the turbines. The area continues to be a high risk for collision and pilots are required to fly with transponders turned on. The pamphlets can be downloaded by clicking the document links on this page. The single page shown below is taken from the 2011 pamphlet.
14 May 2020

Malitsch v. Penn Forest Township Zoning Hearing Board: Decision

Malitschvspennforesttwp2-decision_thumb This court decision concerns the land use appeal initiated by Phillip Malitsch and Christopher Mangold against a Notice of Deemed Approval assumed by Atlantic Wind for a project in Bethlehem, PA. Penn Forest Township and Atlantic Wind each filed to present additional evidence against the appeal, providing testimony on project infrastructure and turbine noise. The court raised concerns regarding Atlantic Wind's inexact turbine noise predictions and the project's negative impacts on the area's potable water supply. The judge ultimately ruled in favor of the plaintiffs and vacated the Notice of Deemed Approval, and denied the special exceptions Atlantic Wind had requested. Portions of the court decision are cited below. The entire decision can be accessed by selecting the document link on this page.
21 Apr 2020

Potential impacts of visual impacts of Skipjack Offshore Wind project: Testimony of Robert G. Sullivan

Md_psc_skipjack_visual_impact_report_r_sullivan_thumb The testimony of Robert Scott that is accessible from this page describes the possible visual impacts of the Skipjack offshore wind energy facility proposed for off the coast of Maryland. The developers of the Skipjack facility are proposing to use the Haliade-X1 twelve-megawatt turbines. According to Mr. Sullivan, the Haliade-X turbines are 70% larger than the turbines that were originally proposed for the site and for which a permit was granted. The turbines will be visible to the unaided eye at distances greater than 36 statute miles, with turbine blade movement visible up to 29 statute miles, and often visible at 24 statute miles. Mr. Sullivan's testimony was provided to the Maryland PSC on behalf of Ocean City, MD. Mr. Sullivan's full testimony can be downloaded by clicking on the document links on this page.
17 Apr 2020

Demand letter urging compliance for the Black Angus wind facility

Final_apex__26_black_angus_demand_letter_4.13.20_thumb The North Texas Heritage Association sent this letter to APEX Clean Energy raising serious concerns over APEX's proposed project, Black Angus, and the threat to whooping crane populations. The Black Angus project and an unrelated wind project abutting it, will obstruct the centerline of the whooping cranes migratory corridor, putting at risk the sparse whooping crane population currently standing at only 505 in the wild. At minimum, the Heritage Association requests that APEX follow federal guidelines to adhere to environmental law, including the Endangered Species Act and the Clean Water Act, as well as follow the procedure for obtaining an incidental take permit (ITP) from the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Preferably, the Heritage Association recommends that the project be moved to a less environmentally sensitive location. An excerpt of the letter is provided below. The full report can be downloaded from this page.
13 Apr 2020

Proposed Apex and EDF wind farms whooping crane habitat assessment

Final_ntha_endangred_species__habitat_assessment_20200410_thumb Apex Clean Energy and EDF Renewables have each proposed large wind energy facilities to be situated in Clay County, Texas. The project locations fall squarely within the Whooping Crane migratory corridor and are recognized as stop-over habitat for the birds. Wildlife biologist, Jennifer Blair of Blair Wildlife Consulting, prepared this assessment of the likely impacts to Whooping Crane if the projects are constructed. The report also provides a useful summary of the extent to which wind energy development has been allowed to penetrate the limited migration corridor of Whooping Cranes. A short excerpt of the Blair report is provided below. The full report can be downloaded from this page. 
10 Apr 2020

Preliminary Results: Exploring why some families living in proximity to wind turbine facilities contemplate vacating their homes—A Community-Based Study

Kroghetal2020_vacatedhomestudyfinal_thumb This important study from Canada shows the degree of impact on human health for those living within 550 meters of an operational wind turbine. The abstract and conclusions of the report are provided below. The full report can be accessed by selecting the document links on this page.
21 Feb 2020

Ocean City Mayor’s letter regarding windmill construction offshore

Sos-letter_maryland_thumb In a letter from the Mayor of Ocean City, Rick Meehan, to the Maryland Public Service Commission the Mayor highlights the objections to wind turbines built off the coast of the Ocean City and the visual impacts of the turbines. The letter states that "The Town of Ocean City while in support for clean energy in Maryland, has opposed the size and location of the wind turbines. As the size of the turbines has increased, so has our concern for the visual impact they will have on our community and our property values.” In response to the size of the windmills now being proposed, the letter further said, “In order to avoid the destruction of our natural view forever and the negative impact on our community, the Town of Ocean City is insisting these turbines be moved at least 33 miles from shore.” The Mayor's letter can be accessed by clicking the document links on this page.
17 Jan 2020

Soaring Wind Energy v. Catic USA Inc

Soaring_wind_etal_v_catic_usa_thumb The attached appeal between Soaring Wind Energy, LLC and Catic USA Incorporated affirms the arbitration panel's decision to award Soaring Wind $62.9 million USD against Catic USA and divest Catic USA's shares in Soaring Wind Energy, LLC. Catic USA had entered into an agreement with Tang Energy Group in 2007 to create Soaring Wind Energy, LLC, a shared company acting as a vehicle for wind energy marketing and project development in the United States. Catic USA's affiliates breached the Soaring Wind agreement by investing $50 million USD in wind projects unaffiliated with Soaring Wind's activities. The court affirmed the arbitration panel and district court's decision to hold Catic USA liable for the potential losses accrued from the investment in unrelated projects and supported the forced divestment of Catic USA from Soaring Wind, LLC.
7 Jan 2020

Icebreaker Offshore Wind: Complaint for declaratory and injunctive relief

1_-_icebreaker_-_file-stamped_complaint_thumb The page includes a legal challenge of the Department of Energy’s and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ funding and authorization of the Icebreaker Wind Project, a first-of-its-kind proposed offshore wind energy facility in Lake Erie with a price tag in excess of $40 million that is expressly intended to spur future development of offshore industrial wind energy in the Great Lakes Region and beyond. A portion of the complaint is provided below. The full complaint can be accessed from the document link(s) on this page.
11 Dec 2019

Town of Sanford, Broome County wind ordinance

Town_of_sanford_broome_county_ny_ordinance_thumb The attached ordinance for the town of Sanford, New York outlines the requirements that commercial and non-commercial wind projects must satisfy to ensure the health and safety of citizens and the effectiveness of wind energy production. The ordinance calls for project development plans to be submitted alongside environmental impact reports, shadow flicker and visual impact studies, and lighting requirements as dictated by the FAA. It also provides detailed regulations on a project's components, issuing restrictions on location, visual impact, and noise emission. The Town of Sanford reserves the right to dissapprove the special permit applications submitted for a wind project that fails to meet the ordinance's stated requirements and regulations.
11 Dec 2019

Matteson Township MI wind energy zoning ordinance

Matteson_township_wind_ordinance_final_dec_2019_thumb The attached ordinance from Matteson Township, Michigan outlines the requirements that small and large scale wind projects must satisfy in order to ensure the health and safety of citizens and the effective operation of wind energy in the Township. The ordinance calls for thorough site plans, turbine diagrams, and impact studies, including those related to shadow flicker, turbine noise, and the avian and environmental impact. It also provides detailed regulations on a project's components, issuing limitations on turbine height, noise emission, and shadow flicker. The Township Board reserves the right to shut down any wind project failing to meet the ordinance's stated requirements and regulations.
11 Dec 2019

R v. Resilient Energy Severndale Ltd - Decision

R_v_resilient_energy_severndale_and_forest_dean_district_council_-_judgement_thumb The attached appeal upholds the prior judgement to revoke the planning permission for a single community scale 500kw wind turbine at Severndale Farm, Tidenham, Gloucestershire. Resilient Energy's granted planning permission was heavily influenced by their promise to provide an annual donation to a local community fund. The court determined that this donation did not qualify as material consideration, due to its intended purposes unrelated to the developer's land use, and, therefore, was unlawfully taken into account by the Forest of Dean District Council in making their decision. 
20 Nov 2019

Finney v Welsh: Court of Appeal Decision

Finney_v_welsh_ministers_etal__11-5-2019_thumb In Finney v Welsh, the appeal court supported the decision to refuse an increase in wind turbine height after finding that a 10-meter increase in turbine height would be a material change that would be inconsistent with the description of the permitted development and thus would result in a different development. A section of the decision is provided below. The full decision can be accessed by selection the document links on this page.
5 Nov 2019

Evidence of region‐wide bat population decline from long‐term monitoring (wind energy)

Rodhouse_et_al-2019-ecology_and_evolution_thumb This critical study demonstrates the direct connection between wind energy deployment and the dangerous decline in bat populations, particularly involving the Hoary bat, which existed in abundance throughout the United States until recently. The researchers show that White Noise Syndrome is not a factor in the decline across the Pacific Northwest area. The full report can be accessed by clicking the document links on this page.
22 Sep 2019

Buckeye Wind I and II withdrawal notices

Ohio-buckeye_wind_withdrawal_1_opsb-a1001001a19i06b72929j00832_thumb Buckeye Wind LLC and Champaign Wind LLC, who collectively sought and received approval to construct the Buckeye I and Buckeye II wind energy facilities, have now withdrawn their applications and surrendered their certificates of environmental compatibility and public need. The notices of withdrawal are available at the document links on this page. 
6 Sep 2019

RSPB comments re: Hornsea Three Development Consent Order

En010080-003105-the_royal_society_for_the_protection_of_birds_post-examination_submission_thumb The attached letter written by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds raises their concerns over Hornsea Project Three, an offshore wind project located in the North Sea. New information has arisen indicating that the project will adversely effect the breeding grounds of the gannet, kittiwake, and black-backed gull populations and negatively impact the integrity of the Flamborough and Filey Coast SPA. The Royal Society urges the Secretary of State to extend the deadline for the project's development order to consider this new information and recommends that alternative energy solutions be explored.
6 Sep 2019

http://www.windaction.org/posts?type=Document
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