This report by the Yankee Institute examines the State of Connecticut's mandate requiring electricity providers to get a certain percentage of their power from renewable energy sources. The executive summary of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
Cape Wind, the first proposed offshore wind project in the United States, sent letters to the two utilities that contracted to purchase nearly 80% of the project's output, including energy, renewable energy credits (RECs) and capacity. The letters, one to National Grid, the other to NSTAR, stated the company was invoking the 'Force Majeure' clause of the contracts due to on-going litigation as its reason for not meeting the December 31, 2014 deadline for securing project financing. Both utilities responded within six days with official notice that the contracts were terminated. Cape Wind could have sought a six-month extension of the contracts by paying $1.29 million in consideration but opted not to take advantage of that option.
A petition signed by more than 120 people was submitted to Meade Township's clerk seeking a vote on whether areas in the township should be found suitable for wind energy development. The township clerk insisted the wording on the petition was inadequate, thus no ballot vote would happen. The deadline for submitting a petition has now passed. This letter, prepared by Attorney Joshua Nolan, explains Michigan's law on petitions and argues that the town clerk's decision to disqualify the petition was not lawful. A portion of the letter is posted below. The full letter can be accessed by clicking the link on this page.
Daniel Brian Williams filed a claim of statutory nuisance, common-law nuisance, and trespass to land agains Invenergy LLC in relation to the operating Willow Creek Energy wind farm consisting of 48 turbines near Willaims property. His original claim can be found here. The final ruling by the court can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. Ultimately, the court denied Willams' claims for nuisance per se, statutory nuisance, and trespass.
The Osage Nation has filed a request for injunctive relief involving violations of Enel Kansas LLC and the construction of wind turbine foundations on Osage lands without permission a license. A portion of the filing is excerpted below. The full filing can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
The Deputy Secretary of Defense has filed an official objection to the Great Bay Wind Energy Center project proposed by Pioneer Green Energy to be located in Somerset County, Maryland, and in the vicinity of Naval Air Station Patuxent River (NAS Patuxent River) and the Atlantic Test Range (ATR). This notification follows a detailed study of methods to mitigate for impacts of spinning turbines on the naval base mission. The objections raised and conclusion of the DOD report are provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
The U.S. government filed a federal lawsuit against Osage Wind, an industrial wind energy project consisting of approximately 84-94 turbines that is now under construction. The US is seeking a full stop of project construction due to the unauthorized mining activities taking place at the site. A portion of the filing is provided below including the factual background. The full filing can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
This paper focuses on public concerns about real estate value loss in communities in the vicinity of wind turbines. There are some conflicting results in recent academic and non-academic literatures on the issue of property values in general—yet little has been studied about how residents near turbines view the value of their own properties. The abstract and portions of the conclusion of this paper can be found below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
PacifiCorp, a wind energy developer, filed a complaint with the US District Court of Utah seeking a declaratory and permanent injunction against the US Department of the Interior and the US Fish and Wildlife Service over the release of information about bird mortality at the company's operating wind projects. PacifiCorp insists that the requested information "constitutes confidential commercial information that is exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). The complaint filed by PacifiCorp and the response by the US Department of the Interior can be accessed at the links provided on this page.
The U.S. Department of Interior filed a suit against Enel Green Power claiming the company is breaking the law by damaging and destroying rocks that belong to the Osage Nation during the construction of the Osage wind energy facility. This filing submitted by Enel Green Power responds to the law suit. According to the lawsuit, EnelGreen Power will excavate more than 60,000 cubic yards of minerals, which the suit said is considered mining by law.The company is excavating sand, soil and rock, then crushing some of the materials to use as reinforcement for the concrete turbine foundations.The full document can be accessed by clicking the link on this page.
The aim of this study was to investigate the time dependent nature of unweighted wind farm noise and its perceptibility, with a focus on infrasound. Measurements were carried out during shutdown and operational conditions and results show that wind farm infrasound could be detectable by the human ear although not perceived as sound. The abstract and conclusion of the paper can be read below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
This important study examines the noise emissions of an operating wind facility during periods when the turbines are generating electricity and when the turbines are shut off. The abstract of conclusion of the study are provided below. The full study can be accessed at the links on this page. The study found "consistent and significant differences in noise spectra ...for the shutdown and operational cases, particularly for frequencies below 100 Hz. These differences can be observed at distances up to 8.7 km from the wind farm.
The Inspector General of the Department of Interior released this report involving an investigation of Steven Black, a senior official who is now retired from the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Mr. Black had apparent close ties with the renewable energy industry and was accused of pressuring subordinates to ignore environmental concerns in favor of supporting the construction of wind energy and other renewable projects. The summary of the investigation is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
In this paper, William K.G. Palmer discusses how interior room shape and size contribute to turbine noise complaints when wind turbines are sited nearby. The abstract of the paper is provided below. The full paper, with presentation slides, can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page. Mr. Palmer presented his findings at the October 2014 Acoustical Society of America proceedings.
This report prepared by the global law firm, Dentons, examines the impacts on the European energy section including the US shale revolution and cost issues surrounding the aggressive move to renewables. An excerpt of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
This letter, signed by Deputy Defense Secretary Robert O. Work, concludes that the turbines proposed for Somerset County in Maryland would "significantly impair or degrade the capability of the Department of Defense to conduct research, development, testing and evaluation, and operations, or to maintain military readiness." Congressman Steny H. Hoyer (MD-5), praised the action by the Defense department and stated that the turbines posed "a significant threat to the mission and world-class stealth radar system at Patuxent River Naval Air Station."
The UK wind debate assumes that wind farms operate at roughly their average output most of the time. According to this new paper by Dr. Capell Aris’, this assumption is not true. Power comes only extremely intermittently and variably and there are long periods of negligible efficiency, particularly during the long winter months when power is most needed. A 10GW wind fleet would need approximately 9.5GW of fossil capacity to guarantee its output. A summary from the report of Dr. Aris' findings is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
This report evaluates the potential energy market impacts and energy costs of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed Clean Power Plan (CPP) to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from existing power plants. EPA proposed the CPP in June 2014 as a nationwide regulation (to be implemented by the states) under Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act.
This important paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examines the unprecedented numbers of tree-roosting bat fatalities at operating wind turbine facilities and the behavior of the bats near the turbines. The abstract of the paper along with the significance of the findings are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
Dr. Robert McMurtry and Carmen ME Krogh present an important summary of the adverse health impacts observed in individuals living in proximity to industrial scale wind turbines. The paper is aimed at physicians who are receiving patients with symptoms and possible confusing complaints reported by those near the operating turbine plants. Excerpts of the paper are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.