Xcel Energy has plans to repower the Grand Meadow wind energy facility. The 67 GE 1.5 MW sle turbines will be replaced with the same number of GE 1.6 MW turbines with larger rotor diameters. The plan with costs for decommissioning the older site are available in the document that can be downloaded from this page. An excerpt of this document is provided below.
Ford County officials finalized and adopted a more protective wind energy ordinance. The ordinance establishes strict setback distances, prohibits shadow flicker on neighboring properties and requires noise emissions to be in compliance with Illinois Pollution Control Board (IPCB) regulations. The setback provisions are shown below. The full ordinance can be downloaded from the links on this page.
This important study looked at changes in heart rate variability (HRV) when exposed to low frequency noise produced by wind turbines. HRV does not mean heart rate. Rather HRV measures (in milliseconds) the changes in time between successive heartbeats. The HRV is an important measure of a person's Autonomic Nervous System (ANS). The HRV is also referred to as inter-beat intervals, RR intervals, NN intervals, etc. This study found that when exposed to turbine low frequency noise the test subjects showed lower HRV levels. Lower resting-state HRV scores can indicate the body is under stress and lacks the ability to recover or has an exhaustion of recovery capacity.
This important research sheds critical light on the habitat of the endangered North Atlantic Right Whale in relation to offshore wind lease areas. The abstract of the paper is provided below. The full paper can be downloaded from the document links on this page.
Following severe energy shortages in Texas this winter, Texas Governor Abbott drafted this July 6th letter to the PUCT (Public Commission of Texas) calling for immediate action to improve the reliability of the state's electric system. Emphasis in Abbott's letter was on incentivizing new and existing generation for reliability purposes (natural gas, coal, and nuclear) and requiring intermittent resources including wind and solar to pay the price when they fail to deliver. The full three-member PUCT was recently appointed by the Governor. Details about the letter and the actual content of the letter can be accessed from this page.
This study examined the potential impacts of wind energy development on nature-based tourism as perceived by the tourism industry. The study found that land use conflicts between the energy sector and the tourism industry were perceived to be mostly negative as wind turbines degrade the quality of the natural landscape. The abstract and conclusions of the study are provided below. The full paper can be accessed at the document links on this page.
In this decision, the Ohio Power Siting Board (OPSB) ruled Republic Wind, proposed by Apex Clean Energy did "not satisfy the requirements of R.C. 4906.10(A)(3), requiring a minimal adverse environmental impact, or R.C. 4906.10(A)(6), requiring a project serve the public interest, convenience, and necessity, and that these deficiencies cannot be remedied by additional conditions." A portion of the OPSB's conclusions are posted below. The full decision can be accessed at the document links on this page.
Conflicts between wind energy development and indigenous people in Mexico are examined. The abstract and conclusions of this report are provided below. The full report can be accessed at the document links on this page.
In this important report, CCFD-Terre Solidaire, ECCHR and ProDESC highlight the breaches of international human rights law resulting from EDF’s proposed wind energy project known as the Gunaá Sicarú project. The report also names EDF's majority shareholder, the Agence des participations de l’État (APE). More broadly, this reports highlights a culpable negligence on the part of the French State in allowing such human rights violations to occur in the race to build wind energy on Mexico's indigenous lands. The executive summary of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed at the document link(s).
Sources of wind and solar electrical power need large energy storage, most often provided by Lithium-Ion batteries of unprecedented capacity. Incidents of serious fire and explosion suggest that the danger of these to the public, and emergency services, should be properly examined. This report examines the risks of these battery systems. The executive summary of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed at the document links on this page.
In Europe, the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Atlantic hold more than 85 percent of existing offshore wind capacity. In total there are now 110 offshore wind facilities with over 5000 wind turbines in European waters representing 12,000 MW. Under EU-27, the European Commission expects at least 60,000 MW of operating offshore wind by 2030 and up to 300,000 GW in 2050. In this document recently adopted by the European Parliament, there is a clear recognition of land-use conflicts arising from energy development offshore particularly with regard to fishing. The member states lay out the risks and demands for more research and stress that offshore wind facilities "should only be built if the exclusion of negative environmental and ecological, as well as economic, socio-economic and socio-cultural impacts on fishers and aquaculture producers is guaranteed" and urges Member States to "continue working on the development and usage of other forms of renewable energy." A portion of the document is provided be low. The full document can be accessed at the document links on this page.
The US Department of the Interior issued a detailed memo on December 14 2020 stating that the US Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act prohibits offshore wind approvals if a project interferes with fishing. By April 9, 2021 the Biden administration reversed this finding. The competing letters can be downloaded from this page or from the document links.
ArcVera Renewables evaluated the financial losses associated with rolloing blackouts in Texas during the cold spell in mid-February 2021. The summary report and full report prepared by ArcVera Renewables can be downloaded from the document links on this page.
From the conclusion of this study: The purpose of this article is to compare the qualitative and quantitative methodologies and to describe the benefits of having used a qualitative methodology, specifically Grounded Theory in order to study why some people contemplate vacating/abandoning their homes when living within 10 km of industrial wind turbines. ...As described in this article, the siting of industrial wind energy facilities in rurally populated areas can challenge a quantitative methodology due to such factors as low population density, obtaining a sufficient sample, and challenges to achieving statistical power and statistical significance. Grounded Theory methodology served as a practical toolThis important analysis validates the claim that people living in proximity to industrial scale wind turbines who have made house decisions to leave their homes did so based on the impacts of the turbines.
This useful paper examines a scenario where clean energy coupled with reliable generation can meet California's aggressive carbon reductions while requiring less space and thereby reducing the harmful impacts of large-scale renewables. A portion of the introduction is provided below. The full report can be accessed from the document links on this page.
Sandstone Creek Solar LLC sought to construct a solar energy facility on 850 acres of agriculture land in Benton Township in Eaton County, MIchigan. The township did not have zoning at the time and relied on county zoning for land use regulation. When it became apparent that the County would support approval of the solar project Benton's Trustees adopted an interim zoning ordinance that permitted small-scale solar energy systems in districts zoned for industrial use and permitted large-scale solar energy systems in industrial districts by special use permit. Sandstone Creek and landowner, Gary Walters, filed a suit challenging Benton's actions. In this decision the court upholds the lower court's decision that found the Benton Township acted lawfully. The full decision can be accessed at the document links on this page.
The Madison County Board of Supervisors in Iowa approved a new county wind ordinance on December 22, 2020. Specifics of the ordinance are provided below. The full ordinance can be downloaded from the document links on this page.
This important report written by a cardiologist provides a critically important, fact-based review of what he's learned and witnessed regarding the impacts of industrial wind turbines on human health. The executive summary and purpose of the report are provided below. The full report can be downloaded from this page. Windaction wishes to extend its special thanks to Dr. Johnson for taking the time to prepare this report.