Documents filed under Offshore Wind

Potential impacts of visual impacts of Skipjack Offshore Wind project: Testimony of Robert G. Sullivan

Md_psc_skipjack_visual_impact_report_r_sullivan_thumb The testimony of Robert Scott that is accessible from this page describes the possible visual impacts of the Skipjack offshore wind energy facility proposed for off the coast of Maryland. The developers of the Skipjack facility are proposing to use the Haliade-X1 twelve-megawatt turbines. According to Mr. Sullivan, the Haliade-X turbines are 70% larger than the turbines that were originally proposed for the site and for which a permit was granted. The turbines will be visible to the unaided eye at distances greater than 36 statute miles, with turbine blade movement visible up to 29 statute miles, and often visible at 24 statute miles. Mr. Sullivan's testimony was provided to the Maryland PSC on behalf of Ocean City, MD. Mr. Sullivan's full testimony can be downloaded by clicking on the document links on this page.
17 Apr 2020

Ocean City Mayor’s letter regarding windmill construction offshore

Sos-letter_maryland_thumb In a letter from the Mayor of Ocean City, Rick Meehan, to the Maryland Public Service Commission the Mayor highlights the objections to wind turbines built off the coast of the Ocean City and the visual impacts of the turbines. The letter states that "The Town of Ocean City while in support for clean energy in Maryland, has opposed the size and location of the wind turbines. As the size of the turbines has increased, so has our concern for the visual impact they will have on our community and our property values.” In response to the size of the windmills now being proposed, the letter further said, “In order to avoid the destruction of our natural view forever and the negative impact on our community, the Town of Ocean City is insisting these turbines be moved at least 33 miles from shore.” The Mayor's letter can be accessed by clicking the document links on this page.
17 Jan 2020

Icebreaker Offshore Wind: Complaint for declaratory and injunctive relief

1_-_icebreaker_-_file-stamped_complaint_thumb The page includes a legal challenge of the Department of Energy’s and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ funding and authorization of the Icebreaker Wind Project, a first-of-its-kind proposed offshore wind energy facility in Lake Erie with a price tag in excess of $40 million that is expressly intended to spur future development of offshore industrial wind energy in the Great Lakes Region and beyond. A portion of the complaint is provided below. The full complaint can be accessed from the document link(s) on this page.
11 Dec 2019

RSPB comments re: Hornsea Three Development Consent Order

En010080-003105-the_royal_society_for_the_protection_of_birds_post-examination_submission_thumb The attached letter written by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds raises their concerns over Hornsea Project Three, an offshore wind project located in the North Sea. New information has arisen indicating that the project will adversely effect the breeding grounds of the gannet, kittiwake, and black-backed gull populations and negatively impact the integrity of the Flamborough and Filey Coast SPA. The Royal Society urges the Secretary of State to extend the deadline for the project's development order to consider this new information and recommends that alternative energy solutions be explored.
6 Sep 2019

Report and recommendations for minimizing and mitigating environmental and commercial impacts of offshore wind facilities

Report_of_the_commission_on_environmental_standards_-_final_thumb The attached report by the Connecticut Commission on Environmental Standards provides recommendations to offshore wind developers in mitigating potential risks to the area's wildlife, fishing industry, and water navigation systems. The Commission urges developers to conduct assessments on potential impact areas and provide funding to offset economic and environmental losses.
13 Aug 2019

US NOAA comments on Vineyard Wind

20190315_nmfs-comments-on-vineyard-wind-deis_thumb This letter by US NOAA Fisheries Northeast Regional Administrator Mike Pentony raises serious concerns regarding the impacts of the 800 MW Vineyard Wind offshore wind facility proposed off the coast of Massachusetts. Concerns center on impacts to New England’s fisheries, marine life, and ocean habitats. The letter was sent to Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and provides comment on the project's Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS). A portion of the letter is provided below. The full letter can be downloaded from the document links on this page. 
15 Mar 2019

Virginia SCC Order on Dominion Offshore Wind Pilot

Scc_order_dominion_offshore_pilot_thumb The Virginia State Corporation Commission issued this order approving Dominion's proposal to construct a 2-turbine, 12 megawatt wind energy facility 27-miles off the coast of Virginia. The project has a price tag of $300 million. The SCC made clear in its order that it had no choice but to approve the project given current state statutes. However, the approval, according to the SCC's order, was contrary to what it deemed prudent as that term has been applied by this Commission in its long history of public utility regulation. The SCC bowed to the  legislative mandate by approving the project. A portion of the order is posted below. The full order can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
2 Nov 2018

Offshore wind strike prices: Behind the headlines

Offshorestrikeprice_thumb The new report prepared by economics professor Gordon Hughes, a former advisor to World Bank, Dr Capell Aris, a fellow of the IET, and Dr John Constable of the Global Warming Policy Forum, explains how the broad assumption that offshore wind prices are falling is not valid. Through a detailed statistical analysis of the data, covering 86 wind farms, the authors found that capital cost of offshore wind (£/MWh installed) is actually rising as a consequence of companies moving into deeper and deeper waters. The summary of the report is provided below. The full report can be downloaded from this page.
10 Nov 2017

Patterns of migrating soaring migrants indicate attraction to marine wind farms

Patterns_of_migrating_soaring_migrants_indicate_attraction_to_marine_wind_farms_thumb This important research identified that migrating raptor species tend to be attracted to offshore wind turbines and that the risk of colliding with wind turbines at sea is much greater than previously assumed. The abstract and resulting discussion of the paper are provided below. The full paper can be downloaded by clinking the links on this page. 
29 Nov 2016

Lack of sound science in assessing wind farm impacts on seabirds

Lack_of_sound_science_in_assessing_wf_impacts_seabirds-jpe12731_thumb This paper argues that the methods and data used when estimating effects of offshore wind turbines on seabird population rates and the potential impacts on seabird populations are grossly inadequate. As a result,  Environmental Impact Assessments cannot solely be relied on to report risks. The conclusions cited in the paper are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. 
16 Sep 2016

The effect of offshore wind power on beach use and tourism

Toussaint-effect_of_offshore_wind_on_beach_use_and_tourism_2016_thumb This research examines the impact of offshore wind power projects on beach recreation on the East Coast of the United States. Data was collected from a 2015 online survey of 2,051 randomly drawn residents over 20 states on the east coast. The data were stratified to oversample beachgoers, but included non-beachgoers as well. Respondents were shown visual simulations of offshore wind power projects as they would have appeared on a beach they recently visited and were asked how their presence would have affected their beach trips. A summary of the findings is provided below. The full report can be accessed by selecting the document links on this page.
2 Aug 2016

On the predominance of unstable atmospheric conditions in the marine boundary layer offshore of the U.S. northeastern coast

Archer_et_al-2016-journal_of_geophysical_research-_atmospheres_thumb This paper reports on research that looked at wind data collected offshore along the Northeast Unitied States. The paper's main finding is that atmospheric conditions around Cape Wind are predominantly turbulent, or unstable, which is very different from prevailing data from European offshore wind farms in the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. Wind conditions at Cape Wind were shown to be unstable between 40 and 80 percent of the time, depending on season and time of day, The abstract of the paper is provided below. The full paper can be accessed from the links on this page.
18 Jul 2016

Cape Wind Request for permit extension denied: Decision

306365698-cape-wind-tentative-decision-permit-extension-deny_thumb A Massachusetts state board has issued a draft decision denying the extension of permits that would enable Cape Wind to build an electricity transmission line to connect its proposed offshore wind farm to land. The draft decision offers an informative discussion of the now historical events leading to the denial. The full decision can be accessed by clicking the link on this page. 
29 Mar 2016

Atlantic Coast Port Access: Final Report

Acpars_final_report_08jul2015_combined_appendix-enclosures_-_final_after_lmi_review-corrected_date.compressed_thumb Atlantic Coast Port Access Route Study (ACPARS) Workgroup prepared this final report that examines the various conflicts between shipping and other emerging coastal and offshore energy projects. Two portions of the report are provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
24 Feb 2016

Deepwater Wind Complaint

Deepwater_complaint_8-13-15_final_thumb Benjamin Riggs, the Rhode Island Manufacturers Association and others filed this complaint in Federal Court pertaining to the approval of an above-market power contract between Deepwater Wind and National grid. The plaintiffs initially pursued this matter before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”). However FERC chose not to act on it itself but rather to refer the matter to the courts. Consequently they ruled that “Our decision not to initiate an enforcement action means that Mr. Riggs may himself bring an enforcement action against the Rhode Island Commission in the appropriate court”. By law, that is federal court. The current action is limited to asking the federal government to assert its clear authority over the pricing mechanism for the Deepwater project. The complaint, a portion of which appears below, speaks for itself. The full complaint can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. In addition, the plaintiffs filed the attached Memorandum that explains the Motion for Summary Judgment. 
14 Aug 2015

Sound exposure in harbour seals during the installation of an offshore wind farm: predictions of auditory damage

Hastie_et_al-2015-journal_of_applied_ecology_thumb Scientists at the Sea Mammal Research Unit at the University of St Andrews tracked 24 harbor seals and their behavior while offshore wind turbines were being installed on the east coast of England, in 2012. They predicted that half of the seals tracked received sound levels from pile driving that exceeded auditory damage thresholds. The results have implications for offshore industry and will be important for policymakers developing guidance for pile driving. A summary of the findings is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
1 May 2015

Town of Barnstable, MA v. Federal Aviation Administration

Barnstable_v._faa_decision_oct_28_2011_thumb This case arises following the approval of a lease by the U.S. Department of Interior to Cape Wind Associates for construction of an offshore wind farm in Nantucket Sound. Under the lease, Cape Wind must obtain the Federal Aviation Administration’s (“FAA”) determination whether the turbines pose a hazard to air navigation and comply with any mitigation measures before beginning construction. In Town of Barnstable, Mass. v. FAA, 659 F.3d 28 (D.C. Cir. 2011) (“Barnstable I”), the court held that the “no hazard” determinations in 2010 for each of the wind turbines in a 25–square mile area of Nantucket Sound were “inadequately justified.” Id. at 31. Petitioners now challenge the no hazard determinations in 2012 as similarly deficient for failing to analyze the safety risks posed by the project and to perform an environmental review required by the National Environmental Policy Act (“NEPA”), 42 U.S.C. § 4332. The court denies the petitions for review regarding the 2012 FAA determinations due to changes in radar technology and new FAA studies and analysis.
22 Jan 2014

Judicial review of the Aviation Hazard Determinations for Cape Wind: Why the FAA got it wrong

Judicial_review_of_the_aviation_hazard_determinations_for_cape_wi_thumb This paper examines the Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit’s decision in Town of Barnstable v. FAA which stalled development of a major offshore wind farm project. This paper argues that the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia was  justified in finding the FAA’s first determination to be arbitrary and capricious, and that based upon the initial ruling, the FAA did not correct the fatal flaw in its second determination. The introduction of the paper is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
1 Jan 2014

Offshore observations of Eastern Red Bats (Lasiurus borealis) in the Mid-Atlantic United States using multiple survey methods

Journal.pone.0083803_thumb This important paper examines bat movement and foraging offshore along the United States eastern shore. The authors raise the concerns that migratory bats are at risk of mortality due to offshore wind turbines. The abstract and a portion of the paper's background section is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
19 Dec 2013

http://www.windaction.org/posts?topic=Offshore+Wind&type=Document
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