Documents filed under Impact on Bats from USA

Icebreaker Offshore Wind: Complaint for declaratory and injunctive relief

1_-_icebreaker_-_file-stamped_complaint_thumb The page includes a legal challenge of the Department of Energy’s and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ funding and authorization of the Icebreaker Wind Project, a first-of-its-kind proposed offshore wind energy facility in Lake Erie with a price tag in excess of $40 million that is expressly intended to spur future development of offshore industrial wind energy in the Great Lakes Region and beyond. A portion of the complaint is provided below. The full complaint can be accessed from the document link(s) on this page.
11 Dec 2019

Icebreaker Offshore Wind: Complaint for declaratory and injunctive relief

1_-_icebreaker_-_file-stamped_complaint_thumb The page includes a legal challenge of the Department of Energy’s and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ funding and authorization of the Icebreaker Wind Project, a first-of-its-kind proposed offshore wind energy facility in Lake Erie with a price tag in excess of $40 million that is expressly intended to spur future development of offshore industrial wind energy in the Great Lakes Region and beyond. A portion of the complaint is provided below. The full complaint can be accessed from the document link(s) on this page.
11 Dec 2019

Evidence of region‐wide bat population decline from long‐term monitoring (wind energy)

Rodhouse_et_al-2019-ecology_and_evolution_thumb This critical study demonstrates the direct connection between wind energy deployment and the dangerous decline in bat populations, particularly involving the Hoary bat, which existed in abundance throughout the United States until recently. The researchers show that White Noise Syndrome is not a factor in the decline across the Pacific Northwest area. The full report can be accessed by clicking the document links on this page.
22 Sep 2019

Evidence of region‐wide bat population decline from long‐term monitoring (wind energy)

Rodhouse_et_al-2019-ecology_and_evolution_thumb This critical study demonstrates the direct connection between wind energy deployment and the dangerous decline in bat populations, particularly involving the Hoary bat, which existed in abundance throughout the United States until recently. The researchers show that White Noise Syndrome is not a factor in the decline across the Pacific Northwest area. The full report can be accessed by clicking the document links on this page.
22 Sep 2019

Evidence of region‐wide bat population decline from long‐term monitoring (wind energy)

Rodhouse_et_al-2019-ecology_and_evolution_thumb This critical study demonstrates the direct connection between wind energy deployment and the dangerous decline in bat populations, particularly involving the Hoary bat, which existed in abundance throughout the United States until recently. The researchers show that White Noise Syndrome is not a factor in the decline across the Pacific Northwest area. The full report can be accessed by clicking the document links on this page.
22 Sep 2019

USFWS to Hawaii: Risks to endangered species from wind

Fws_letter_to_hawaii_puc_-_esa_compliance_concerns_thumb This important letter to the Hawaii PUC warns that wind projects operating in the State are impacting endangered species. To address this situation, US FWS askes the PUC to delay approval of any new wind facility contracts until the proponents make the time to meet with the Service. A portion of the letter is provided below. The full letter can be accessed by selecting the documents link(s) on this page.
27 Dec 2018

USFWS to Hawaii: Risks to endangered species from wind

Fws_letter_to_hawaii_puc_-_esa_compliance_concerns_thumb This important letter to the Hawaii PUC warns that wind projects operating in the State are impacting endangered species. To address this situation, US FWS askes the PUC to delay approval of any new wind facility contracts until the proponents make the time to meet with the Service. A portion of the letter is provided below. The full letter can be accessed by selecting the documents link(s) on this page.
27 Dec 2018

ABC brief supporting disclosure of bird-bat mortality: Blue Creek Wind facility

Brief_thumb This brief, filed before the Ohio Court of Common Pleas in Franklin County, Ohio, responds to Iberdrola's (Avangrid Renewables) action to stop any public disclose of bird/bat mortality data at its Blue Creek wind facility. Iberdrola has argued that the number of birds and bats killed by its turbines is a “trade secret” protected under Ohio law. The introduction and summary of arguments for why Iberdrola's claims are not supported by Ohio law are provided below. The full brief can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. The original complaint can be found here. 
7 Mar 2017

Union Neighbors United, Inc. v. Jewell

Buckeye_wind_cutin_speed_15-5147-1628815_thumb The attached appeal made by Union Neighbors United Inc. challenges the prior decision to grant an incidental take permit to Buckeye Wind LLC, enabling its wind project in Ohio to pose a threat to the endangered Indiana bat population and its habitat. Union Neighbors claims that the US Fish and Wildlife Service failed to comply with NEPA and ESA guidelines, thereby wrongly issuing the permit. The appellate court agrees that the Service did not comply with NEPA guidelines as it failed to consider a reasonable range of alternatives that would lessen the take of bats in the area, however it upheld the prior decision that the Service adequately complied with the ESA by ensuring that Buckeye Wind took necessary measures to minimize and mitigate the impact on the Indiana bat population.
5 Aug 2016

Union Neighbors United, Inc. v. Jewell

Buckeye_wind_cutin_speed_15-5147-1628815_thumb The attached appeal made by Union Neighbors United Inc. challenges the prior decision to grant an incidental take permit to Buckeye Wind LLC, enabling its wind project in Ohio to pose a threat to the endangered Indiana bat population and its habitat. Union Neighbors claims that the US Fish and Wildlife Service failed to comply with NEPA and ESA guidelines, thereby wrongly issuing the permit. The appellate court agrees that the Service did not comply with NEPA guidelines as it failed to consider a reasonable range of alternatives that would lessen the take of bats in the area, however it upheld the prior decision that the Service adequately complied with the ESA by ensuring that Buckeye Wind took necessary measures to minimize and mitigate the impact on the Indiana bat population.
5 Aug 2016

Behavior of bats at wind turbines

Pnas-2014-cryan-1406672111_thumb This important paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examines the unprecedented numbers of tree-roosting bat fatalities at operating wind turbine facilities and the behavior of the bats near the turbines. The abstract of the paper along with the significance of the findings are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.  
14 Oct 2014

Offshore observations of Eastern Red Bats (Lasiurus borealis) in the Mid-Atlantic United States using multiple survey methods

Journal.pone.0083803_thumb This important paper examines bat movement and foraging offshore along the United States eastern shore. The authors raise the concerns that migratory bats are at risk of mortality due to offshore wind turbines. The abstract and a portion of the paper's background section is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
19 Dec 2013

Bats Killed in Large Numbers at United States Wind Energy Facilities

Bioscience-2013-hayes-975-9_thumb The development and expansion of wind energy facilities is a key threat to bat populations in North America. Dead bats are being found underneath wind turbines across North America, and bat fatalities have been documented at almost all of the wind facilities at which thorough bat surveys have been conducted. This paper examines the scale of the problem. The abstract and conclusions of the paper are provided below. The full paper can be accessed at the links on this page.
1 Dec 2013

Evaluating Bird and Bat Post-Construction Impacts at the Sheffield Wind Facility, Vermont

Sheffield_wind_2012_annual_report_final_3-25-2013_thumb The Sheffield Wind Energy facility, a 40 megawatt project that went into service in October 2011, released the first season of bird/bat mortality. Total bird fatality estimates for the project site for the entire season was 211 (95% CI: 147, 321), with an estimated 13.17 birds killed per turbine (95% CI: 9.20, 20.05). A total of 87 bats of three species from 1 April-31 October, all of which were migratory tree-roosting bats. Bat carcasses were found at all 16 turbines. The full report can be found by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
25 Mar 2013

Population-level impact of white-nose syndrome on the endangered Indiana bat

11-mamm-a-355.1_thumb The important report examines the impact of White Nose Syndrome on Indiana bat populations and the opportunity, if any, for the populations to recover. In addition, renewable energy generation has resulted in the erection of thousands of wind turbines in the midwestern United States, resulting in significant mortality of both migrant and resident bats. The abstract of the paper is below. The full report can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
1 Jan 2012

Notice of violations of the endangered species act and act’s implementing regulations in connection with the proposed Shaffer Mountain Wind Project

11.3.2011_shaffer_biop_notice_letter_thumb This letter of intent to sue was filed with the Department of the Interior and the US Army Corps in reference to a proposed wind energy facility to be built on Shaffer Mountain in Penmsylvania. Excerpts of the letter appear below. The complete letter and supporting testimony can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
3 Nov 2011

Notice of violations of the endangered species act and act’s implementing regulations in connection with the proposed Shaffer Mountain Wind Project

11.3.2011_shaffer_biop_notice_letter_thumb This letter of intent to sue was filed with the Department of the Interior and the US Army Corps in reference to a proposed wind energy facility to be built on Shaffer Mountain in Penmsylvania. Excerpts of the letter appear below. The complete letter and supporting testimony can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
3 Nov 2011

http://www.windaction.org/posts?location=USA&topic=Impact+on+Bats&type=Document
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