Documents from UK
This research provides quantitative evidence of the local benefits and costs of wind farm developments in the United Kingdom. In the tradition of studies in environmental, public and urban economics, housing costs are used to reveal local preferences for wind farm development in England and Wales. The authors compared housing price changes in places close to wind farms when wind farms become operational with various comparator groups. These comparator groups include: places close to wind farms that became operational in the past, or where they will become operational in the future; places close to wind farms sites that were refused planning permission; places close to wind farms that are planned or proposed but are not yet operational; and places close to where wind farms became operational but where the turbines are hidden by the terrain. All these comparisons suggest that wind farm developments reduce local house prices. The findings of the paper are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
This count ruling issued by Lady Clark of Calton overturns the April 4, 2012 decision by the Scottish Ministers to grant consent for the construction and operation of a 103 turbine (maximum generating capacity of 457 megawatts) Viking Wind facility. The Judge found that the Ministers failed to properly interpret and followe the Wild Birds Directive 2009. An excerpt of comprehensive ruling explaining the court's interpetation of the Directive is provided below. The full decision by the court can be accessed by clicking on the link(s) at the bottom of this page.
NHS Shetland’s director of public health Dr Sarah Taylor conducted a literature review of studies produced over the past 10 years on the effects of wind turbines have on people’s health. The summary of Dr. Taylor's report is provided below. The full document can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
Stuart Young Consulting has reviewed The Highland Council's risk assessment and mitigation measures in siting a wind turbine at the Castletown Primary School as a representative sample of the installations at school playgrounds. The introduction of the review is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) released revised guidance for producing visualisations for proposed wind energy facilities. The new guidance describes how wind developers should visually represent their proposals. It also updates existing guidance on mapped information and has a new a section on offshore wind farms.
This analysis examines the constraints of deploying wind energy and the upper limits of how much wind can be installed. The executive summary is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
The Scottish Conservatives released this policy statement recommending that the number of planned onshore wind farms be substantially reduced in Scotland and their subsidy cut by fifty per cent to limit household bills. A subset of the report is provided below. Select the links at the bottom of this page to access the full report.
The Renewable Energy Foundation published this research paper by Dr Gordon Hughes, Professor of Economics at the University of Edinburgh, on the performance over time of wind farms in the United Kingdom and Denmark. The paper can be downloaded by clicking the link(s) on this page. The UK and Danish data used in the analysis is also available below. The following summarizes the results of the research.
This useful analysis examines many of the key issues raised before the Courts in the United Kingdom regarding wind turbine noise nuisance cases. An excerpt of the paper is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking on the link at the bottom of this page.
This important document critiques the ETSU-R-97 environmental assessment of noise from wind turbines in the United Kingdom. The ETSU-R-97 was written by a Noise Working Group (NWG) set up in 1995 by the Department of Trade and Industry through ETSU (the Energy Technology Support Unit). The noise policy is still in effect today and followed by wind developers outside of the United Kingdom.
The report examines the impact of small-scale (under 50 kilowatts) wind turbines on birds and bats. The authors looked at mortality as well as how the turbine might degrade or impair the use of the area near the structure by the resource.
This brief filed by sleep expert, Dr. Christopher Hanning, reviews the potential consequences of wind turbine noise and, in particular, its effect on sleep and health and to make recommendations with regard to minimum setback distances. Dr. Hanning considers whether, in the absence of new national guidance should there be minimum or recommended separation distances between commercial scale wind developments and residential properties and other sensitive developments?”
This report prepared by the Forest Commission Scotland (FCS) facilitates wind energy development on national forest land in the country. The report, obtained through a freedom of information act, shows how FCS divided the public land it manages into 5 'lots' to be prospected by specific wind energy developers. For example, ScottishPower Renewables were awarded Lot 1 and the right to develop schemes of less than 5MW in Lots 1-5. The remaining 4 lots are allocated to four other developers all of whom are currently working through the exclusivity period to identify suitable sites for wind turbines.
The engineering consultancy Mott MacDonald was commissioned by Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) in the UK to update the electricity generation costs in 2009. In its report released June 2010, the firm calculated the “levelised generation costs” for several technologies including wind power. In this report, economist Ruth Lea, examines these Government-commissioned estimates of costs to calculate the most cost-effective technologies.
In the absence of a credible publicly presented plan to deliver Scotland's renewable energy at the scale required, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers considers here what these targets mean from an engineering viewpoint.
One of the UK's leading energy and environment economists warns that the government's promise that green energy policies will create tens of thousands of jobs and stimulate competitive industries is an illusion. In his report The Myth of Green Jobs, published today by the Global Warming Policy Foundation, Professor Gordon Hughes (University of Edinburgh) dispels this assumption. The summary of findings is posted below. The full report can be downloaded by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
Stuart Young Consulting, with support from the John Muir Trust, has released a report studying the ability of wind power to make a significant contribution to the UK's energy supply. It concludes that the average power output of wind turbines across Scotland is well below the rates often claimed by industry and government. The executive summary of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking on the link(s) at the bottom of this page.
When, in my late twenties, I gave up political ambition and devoted myself to a career in industry, I never dreamt I would have the opportunity to speak in Parliament. What an unexpected treat, what a dream fulfilled, what a privilege it is to be able to stand and speak in Parliament, without licking a single envelope, or canvassing a single street, or doing battle with bureaucracy on behalf of a single constituent. And in recognising the privilege, let me also say to the politicians here that I salute you. When I use the word politician, as I will do during this speech, it is as a term of endearment. I recognise that many people, and businessmen in particular, do not appreciate just how bloody hard politics and public service is. For those in business who can say "go" and they goeth and say "come" and they cometh, it can be difficult to understand how hard it is to get things done when people are elected to oppose your every action, when the press peruse your every move, and people around you are volunteers rather than employees. So, as Ali G would say ..... "Respect!"
In 2006, Mr Julian and Mrs Jane Davis' quiet enjoyment of their property had been disturbed by a nearby wind project to such an extent that they were forced to vacate their house, for health reasons. The Lincolnshire Valuation Tribune ruled that construction of the turbines 930 metres away from the dwellings had a significant negative effect on Davis; enjoyment of their properties, that the nuisance caused by the turbines was real and not imagined and it would have an effect on the potential sale price of the properties. Excerpts of the ruling are provided below. The full ruling can be accessed by clicking on the link(s) at the bottom of this page.