Library filed under Zoning/Planning from Europe
Onshore wind continues to be held back by the insistence of chancellor Angela Merkel's CDU party on fixing the minimum distance between wind turbines and residential housing at 1,000 metres. This move will "massively cut back the area available for wind energy", said the BEE. "It will throw regional and federal state planning [for wind energy] into chaos and endanger the whole wind sector," said Hermann Albers, president of BWE, the federal wind energy association.
“It is grossly irresponsible and neglectful to be considering planning applications on guidelines that are 13 years old. “Communities have been torn apart and destroyed by some of these applications and it is extremely unfair to allow this continue,” the Kerry councillor concluded.
Sweeping distance rules for onshore wind could further reduce already scarce land resources and impede reaching the wind expansion necessary for Germany’s renewable energy targets, a new study by the country’s environmental agency (UBA) found.
“What the Government is looking at, at the moment, if we fail to reach our targets for 2020, which we will, is paying out anything between €400m and €600m to the European Commission in fines because we failed to reach our renewable energy targets,” he said.
RBC is already facing a £20 million black hole after the scheme was blocked
More significantly, the drafted proposals also retain the mandatory minimum setback distance of 500m for wind turbine construction near residential homes, something Fitzmaurice does not think will sit well with local communities. “People won’t stand for what they are proposing and won’t accept the 500m setback area. I would expect people to lodge a submission against them,” He continued.
A Highland community leader has called for an extra planning condition to prevent the extension of a windfarm should it be permitted following a public inquiry.
The proposed wind farm comprises 38 turbines with a hub height of up to 80 metres, each with a 2.5 -3.5 (MW) rating, on foundations and standings. The turbines will have a rotor diameter of up to 112 metres. The overall height of the structures will be up to 126 meters.
An energy company refused planning permission for a controversial wind farm proposal in Northamptonshire has failed in a fresh bid to revive the scheme at the Court of Appeal.
Wind power plants will now be put at a distance of not less than 10 times its height (with the rotor and blades) from residential buildings and areas particularly valuable from the environmental point of view (eg. National parks and nature reserves or landscape).
On 9 June Polish Senate approved the bill providing for mandatory setbacks of new wind farm developments from residential housing, which had already been passed by the Lower House several weeks ago. To become law, the legislation must now be signed by Polish President Andrzej Duda and officially published. The law is expected to come into effect as from 1 July 2016.
Wind farms must be built at a distance from housing of at least 10 times the height of the turbine, or about 1.5 to 2 km, under the law which was adopted by the lower house of parliament on Friday. The new regulations will also result in higher property taxes for wind farm owners, which the industry says could trigger bankruptcies.
The president of the Polish National Audit Authority (NIK) testified before a parliamentary committee on 12 May 2016 that in up to one-third of all the rural municipalities covered by the NIK investigation found decision makers responsible for granting permits for wind farm developments, or close family members of such local officials, were beneficiaries of land leases for these projects. A report on his testimony is provided below.
Potential for growth of wind energy in the state will be decimated by Bavaria's constitutional court backing the ruling that the minimum distance between a wind turbine and the nearest buildings must be ten times the height of the turbine.
Green, SPD and CDU, and also the wind power industry described the decision as a "black day not only for wind power, but for the transformation of energy in total." Meanwhile, the Bavarian government feels strengthened in its position. "The decision provides legal certainty," said Minister Ilse Aigner. The law "makes a public welfare an acceptable balance between our energy policy goals and local interests".
The Bavarian Constitutional Court dismissed actions against the Bavarian wind power distance law. The controversial 10H-rule has been declared constitutional.
The plan to impose a minimum distance of up to 1,100 metres (in the case of large turbines) between new wind developments and the nearest housing comes as a concession in the coalition contract for a new state government to the Free Democrats (FDP) which are entering the government after elections in March. The FDP had campaigned against the rapid expansion of wind power in the southern German state.
The planning inspectorate upheld the decision made by Rushcliffe Borough Council in 2014 based on landscape and impact, volume of objections and support from local representatives. The group had received wide support from nearby residents and Rushcliffe MP Ken Clarke.
Already over 300 citizens initiatives have formed to resist the construction of new parks across the country. Moreover, recent reports tell us the German government is poised to scale back on renewable energies, aiming to cap it at 40 – 45% of total energy supply by 2025, according to the Berliner Zeitung.
A north-east windfarm developer has asked the Scottish Government to release him from an agreement to fund affordable homes in Turriff. James Norrie, who won planning permission to install three turbines at Cairnhill, near Turriff in 2014, applied to Aberdeenshire Council earlier this year to get out of the agreement to fund the houses.