Library filed under Tourism from Europe
A second proposed extension of one of Moray’s largest wind farms has been described as a “nail in the coffin” for the region’s tourist industry. Initial plans have been lodged with the Scottish Government to expand the Berry Burn development south of Forres.
By contrast, I understand that the benefit to the community for the proposed wind turbines is about £350,000 per annum. That represents only 0.78% of the revenue to tourism. To put that into context, if only one person in every 128 visitors is put off, then there will be a net loss to the island.
Figures show a drop in tourism-related jobs at places where wind farms are sited in local landscape designations (LLDs). Three examples are Clyde in South Lanarkshire, Glenkerie in the Borders and Kelburn in North Ayrshire.
Those fighting the wind farm at Cairn Duhie, 1.5km south east of the village of Ferness, said it would destroy the stunning scenery and nature which attracts tourists, particularly the Dava Moors which has special landscape area (SLA) status and the Cairngorm National Park.
A survey carried out on behalf of the John Muir Trust (JMT) found that 55% of respondents were “less likely” to venture into areas of the countryside industrialised by giant turbines, electricity pylons and super-quarries. ...The poll has rekindled calls for Scottish ministers to increase protection for wild and scenic areas that, it is argued, will protect rural tourism businesses.
Proponents of wind farms would have us believe that tourism impacts are always negligible. Opponents would have us believe that the destruction of tourism in Scotland is nigh. Neither position is at all tenable.
A row has erupted after a new report claimed to prove that tourism has flourished in areas with windfarms.
"Why was North Kerry zoned for wind farms while most of the rest of the county was excluded?" is the question posed by Forum chairperson John O'Sullivan. "The answer lies in the Landscape Character Assessment (LCA)." ...This document makes the incredible finding that much of North Kerry is of little or no scenic value.
More research is needed into the effect of windfarms on tourism, a study said. Some evidence shows wind turbines could put off tourists.
In a statement attacking the proposals, Bournemouth Tourism Management Board also said it was furious that EDF Energy, one of the backers of the Navitus Bay project, was “completely disregarding the environmental and consequential economic impact on the local area and refusing to compensate for the multi-million pound damage local businesses face”.
Mark Smith, Bournemouth’s director of tourism, told a hearing that tourism was worth just over a billion pounds to the region every year and supported 24,617 jobs. According to Smith: If the project were approved, Dorset resorts and businesses should be protected from “financial devastation”.
A report presented by Mark Smith, director of tourism, claimed £6.3bn would be taken out of the local economy, with 4,923 jobs lost. "The tourism interests would only be protected if the developer is required to mitigate the tourism loss.
This study, undertaken to help understand the effects of onshore wind farms on tourism, involved four pieces of research: A desk-based study of published research that has been published on the impacts of wind farms on tourism in the UK; An online survey of potential tourists to Northumberland; An online survey of tourism-related businesses in Northumberland based on the impacts of wind farms on them; A focus group with representatives of groups or organizations that are interested in the impacts of wind farms on tourism in Northumberland. The report and its findings can be viewed by clicking on the links on this page. The executive summary is excerpted below.
Councillor Eldrydd Jones, member for Meifod, added: "We must remember it is not only the windfarms but also the junk, the pylons and power lines which will put people off coming."
Commenting on the tourism findings, Stuart Brooks, Chief Executive of the John Muir Trust said that the poll showed two things. “First, that people in the Highlands and Islands support protection of wild land. And second, there is deep concern that if it is not protected, the impact could be damaging to the economy of the region.
A survey of nearly 1,000 climbers and hill walkers, carried out by the Mountaineering Council of Scotland, revealed that 68% say parts of Scotland are now less appealing because of wind farms. Around two thirds have already been put off by wind farms from visiting or revisiting places in Scotland they had visited before. ...67% say wind farms are making Scotland as a whole a less appealing place to visit.
The tourist industry has added its voice to the campaign against massive investment in wind farms off the Dutch coast, Nos television says on Wednesday. Tourist company association Recron says its members will lose tens of millions of euros a year and several thousand jobs could go if the government presses ahead with placing hundreds of offshore turbines.
"The most important thing is to protect jobs," said Richard Vainopoulos, the president of TourCom, France's second-biggest umbrella grouping of travel agencies. He said impact studies have shown that visitors to affected sites could fall by up to 50 percent if wind turbines are set up nearby.
"There is no evidence that I have seen that suggests that wind farms will ever provide the reliable, controllable energy that is required by our society, however many there might be. It is a basic Christian truth that we all have a duty and a responsibility to care for and exercise wise stewardship over God's creation, which has been entrusted to us.
The Middleton Burn Action Group, fighting planned wind farms near Belford, conducted a survey for the second year in a row asking tourists whether those proposed turbines would impact on their likelihood of returning. Whereas last year 64% of respondents said turbines would adversely effect their choice of North Northumberland as a holiday destination, that figure increased to 76.9% in 2013.