Documents filed under Impact on Wildlife from Europe
This important paper appears to have identified a relationship between wind turbines and stress levels in badgers. The abstract and introduction of the paper are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
Scientists at the Sea Mammal Research Unit at the University of St Andrews tracked 24 harbor seals and their behavior while offshore wind turbines were being installed on the east coast of England, in 2012. They predicted that half of the seals tracked received sound levels from pile driving that exceeded auditory damage thresholds. The results have implications for offshore industry and will be important for policymakers developing guidance for pile driving. A summary of the findings is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
This count ruling issued by Lady Clark of Calton overturns the April 4, 2012 decision by the Scottish Ministers to grant consent for the construction and operation of a 103 turbine (maximum generating capacity of 457 megawatts) Viking Wind facility. The Judge found that the Ministers failed to properly interpret and followe the Wild Birds Directive 2009. An excerpt of comprehensive ruling explaining the court's interpetation of the Directive is provided below. The full decision by the court can be accessed by clicking on the link(s) at the bottom of this page.
This study (originally prepared in Portuguese) concluded that a high incidence of acquired flexural limb deformities were as a direct result of the proximity to large wind turbines (2 MW) to the stud farm in question, where the vibration and noise caused by the turbines resulted in acquired flexural deformation of the distal interphalangeal joint in foals. The introduction and conclusions of the report are provided below in English. The full report, in English and Portuguese, can be downloaded from this page.
The report examines the impact of small-scale (under 50 kilowatts) wind turbines on birds and bats. The authors looked at mortality as well as how the turbine might degrade or impair the use of the area near the structure by the resource.
This important collaborative document describes the current research on wind energy and the assessment of impacts on nocturnally active birds and bats.
This report (6.68 MB) is available via the link below
The Service favors: --conservation of wildlife in the public trust; --development of renewable energy that is bird and bat friendly; and --use of informed decisions based on adequate environmental assessment and sound science.
This compilation of scientific reports provides compelling evidence of significant bird mortality at windfarms. Its cumulative effect with other causes of bird deaths may bring many species to extinction - especially as captivity-bred specimens will be lacking turbine-free habitats where they can be released safely.
This BirdLife Position Statement focuses on the EU and its relevant legislative instruments, but it could be applied in all countries that are signatories to the Bern Convention too, as the underlying principles are just as relevant. Therefore, BirdLife Partners in the respective countries will be invited to adopt this position.