Documents from Europe

Sound exposure in harbour seals during the installation of an offshore wind farm: predictions of auditory damage

Hastie_et_al-2015-journal_of_applied_ecology_thumb Scientists at the Sea Mammal Research Unit at the University of St Andrews tracked 24 harbor seals and their behavior while offshore wind turbines were being installed on the east coast of England, in 2012. They predicted that half of the seals tracked received sound levels from pile driving that exceeded auditory damage thresholds. The results have implications for offshore industry and will be important for policymakers developing guidance for pile driving. A summary of the findings is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
1 May 2015

Poland President-elect Andrzej Duda's statement on wind energy near homes

List_dudy_w_sprawie_farm_wiatrowych_10-06-2015_thumb Poland’s President-elect Andrzej Duda declares in this statement that he would push for passing a law preventing the placement of wind energy facilities within a specified distance from homes. The original signed statement is provided on this page in Polish. The English translation is posted below and also can be accessed as an attached document.
8 Apr 2015

Wildlife and renewable energy: German politics cross migratory bats

Voigtetal_2015ejwr_thumb This important study concludes that more than 250,000 bats are killed annually due to interactions with German wind turbines, and total losses may account for more than two million killed bats over the past 10 years, if mitigation measures were not practiced. The abstract to the paper is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
16 Feb 2015

Turbine denied (Joicey V Northumberland County Council)

Joiceyr_v_northumberland_county_council_2014_ewhc_3657_thumb In this case, the claimant, Andrew Joicey, argued six grounds for overturning the planning approval of a 100kilowatt wind turbine. Primary among the complaints was that the planning council did not provide public access to the turbine noise assessment report until a day before the hearing where approval was granted. Complaints were also issued over whether the council properly considered the cumulative impact of noise from a neighboring wind project. The count agreed with Mr. Joicey and overturned the approval. This is the third time the court overturned a planning decision approving this turbine. The decision can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. The introduction of the decision is provided below. 
11 Nov 2014

Game changers impacting the European energy sector

Gamechangers-europeenergysector_thumb This report prepared by the global law firm, Dentons, examines the impacts on the European energy section including the US shale revolution and cost issues surrounding the aggressive move to renewables. An excerpt of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
1 Nov 2014

Wind Power Reassessed: A review of the UK wind resource for electricity generation

Adamsmithinstitute-windassessment_thumb The UK wind debate assumes that wind farms operate at roughly their average output most of the time. According to this new paper by Dr. Capell Aris’, this assumption is not true. Power comes only extremely intermittently and variably and there are long periods of negligible efficiency, particularly during the long winter months when power is most needed. A 10GW wind fleet would need approximately 9.5GW of fossil capacity to guarantee its output. A summary from the report of Dr. Aris' findings is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
27 Oct 2014

Wind Power Reassessed: A review of the UK wind resource for electricity generation

Adamsmithinstitute-windassessment_thumb The UK wind debate assumes that wind farms operate at roughly their average output most of the time. According to this new paper by Dr. Capell Aris’, this assumption is not true. Power comes only extremely intermittently and variably and there are long periods of negligible efficiency, particularly during the long winter months when power is most needed. A 10GW wind fleet would need approximately 9.5GW of fossil capacity to guarantee its output. A summary from the report of Dr. Aris' findings is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
27 Oct 2014

Wind Power Reassessed: A review of the UK wind resource for electricity generation

Adamsmithinstitute-windassessment_thumb The UK wind debate assumes that wind farms operate at roughly their average output most of the time. According to this new paper by Dr. Capell Aris’, this assumption is not true. Power comes only extremely intermittently and variably and there are long periods of negligible efficiency, particularly during the long winter months when power is most needed. A 10GW wind fleet would need approximately 9.5GW of fossil capacity to guarantee its output. A summary from the report of Dr. Aris' findings is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
27 Oct 2014

Evaluation of the impacts of onshore wind farms on tourism

Eb14-evaluation-of-the-impacts-of-onshore-wind-farms-on-tourism_thumb This study, undertaken to help understand the effects of onshore wind farms on tourism, involved four pieces of research: A desk-based study of published research that has been published on the impacts of wind farms on tourism in the UK; An online survey of potential tourists to Northumberland; An online survey of tourism-related businesses in Northumberland based on the impacts of wind farms on them; A focus group with representatives of groups or organizations that are interested in the impacts of wind farms on tourism in Northumberland. The report and its findings can be viewed by clicking on the links on this page. The executive summary is excerpted below.
3 Oct 2014

Wind farm facilities in Germany kill noctule bats from near and far

Journal.pone.0103106_thumb In this recent study, researchers present a comprehensive study on the breeding provenance of endangered and protected noctule bats killed at German wind turbines, showing that individuals from local and distant populations are among the recorded fatalities. The results provide a first step on the way towards an evaluation on how bat fatalities at wind turbines might impact local and regional populations in migratory bat species. The abstract of the paper is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
13 Aug 2014

Wind farm facilities in Germany kill noctule bats from near and far

Journal.pone.0103106_thumb In this recent study, researchers present a comprehensive study on the breeding provenance of endangered and protected noctule bats killed at German wind turbines, showing that individuals from local and distant populations are among the recorded fatalities. The results provide a first step on the way towards an evaluation on how bat fatalities at wind turbines might impact local and regional populations in migratory bat species. The abstract of the paper is provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
13 Aug 2014

Scottish Natural Heritage: Visual Representation of Wind Farms 2014

Visual-representation-of-wind-farms-july2014_thumb The Scottish Natural heritage (SNH) has published ‘Visual Representation of Wind Farms, July 2014’. This guidance replaces the previous version (2006). The updated guidance sets a new standard for wind farm visualizations; and is prescriptive which means that applicants must comply with the key requirements set out in Annex B of the guidance. An explanation of the guidance is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page. While written for wind farm assessments in Scotland, the parameters for producing visualizations are applicable worldwide.
9 Aug 2014

Development and integration of renewable energy: Lessons learned from Germany

Germany_lessonslearned_final_071014_thumb This important paper prepared for the benefit of the Edison Electric Institute (EEI) and Finadvice’s European clients examine the risks and failures of Germany's national plan to rely on renewable energy. Portions of the executive summary and conclusions are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
1 Jul 2014

Wind power construction from the point of view of health protection

Sundhedsministeriet-finland-ministry-of-health-wind-turbines-english-final-june-17th-14_thumb The Finland Ministry of Social Affairs and Health prepared this report in order to ensure health protection is involve in connection with the planning and construction of wind power plants. A major objective of health protection is also to prevent health hazards. According to the Ministry, "the cheapest and absolutely best way of implementing health protection is hazard prevention as early as at the planning stage." Excerpts of the report are provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
17 Jun 2014

Gone with the Wind: Valuing the visual impacts of wind turbines through house prices

Sercdp0159_thumb Abstract This study provides quantitative evidence on the local benefits and costs of wind farm developments in England and Wales, focussing on their visual environmental impacts. In the tradition of studies in environmental, public and urban economics, housing costs are used to reveal local preferences for views of wind farm developments. Estimation is based on quasiexperimental research designs that compare price changes occurring in places where wind farms become visible, with price changes in appropriate comparator groups. These comparator groups include places close to wind farms that became visible in the past, or where they will become operational in the future and places close to wind farms sites but where the turbines are hidden by the terrain. All these comparisons suggest that wind farm visibility reduces local house prices, and the implied visual environmental costs are substantial. The conclusions of the report are provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
11 Apr 2014

Court of Appeal confirms parliamentary intention overrides an exercise of expert judgment

Developers should also be aware that the case clarifies the way in which the planning balance must be struck by decision makers.  They are not free to give harm to heritage assets such weight as they may choose when carrying out the balancing exercise.  Instead, they must give particular weight the desirability of avoiding such harm when assessing whether the advantages of the proposal outweigh that harm. The rejection of the "reasonable observer" test will also be a significant constraint on the ability to construct wind farms and other new development in sensitive locations.
8 Apr 2014

Balancing mechanism and connect and manage constraint payments to windfarms

Svbriefingconstraintpayments_thumb This paper provides a useful explanation of how wind farms in the U.K. are compensated for not operating. Wind projects operating in areas of limited transmission capacity are straining the system and require that they be turned off during periods of low demand but high wind output. £981 was the highest payment for £50 worth of loss. Last fall (2013) the rules were changed to supposedly prevent “excess profit” being made, but even then the average payment for one day was £84/MWh, with the highest being £149/MWh.
3 Jan 2014

Gone with the wind: valuing the local impacts of wind turbines through house prices

Windfarmsandhousepricesnovember2013v5_thumb This research provides quantitative evidence of the local benefits and costs of wind farm developments in the United Kingdom. In the tradition of studies in environmental, public and urban economics, housing costs are used to reveal local preferences for wind farm development in England and Wales. The authors compared housing price changes in places close to wind farms when wind farms become operational with various comparator groups. These comparator groups include: places close to wind farms that became operational in the past, or where they will become operational in the future; places close to wind farms sites that were refused planning permission; places close to wind farms that are planned or proposed but are not yet operational; and places close to where wind farms became operational but where the turbines are hidden by the terrain. All these comparisons suggest that wind farm developments reduce local house prices. The findings of the paper are provided below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
1 Nov 2013

Scottish Court overrules approval of 457 MW wind facility - Decision

Courtruling-sustainable-shetland_thumb This count ruling issued by Lady Clark of Calton overturns the April 4, 2012 decision by the Scottish Ministers to grant consent for the construction and operation of a 103 turbine (maximum generating capacity of 457 megawatts) Viking Wind facility. The Judge found that the Ministers failed to properly interpret and followe the Wild Birds Directive 2009. An excerpt of comprehensive ruling explaining the court's interpetation of the Directive is provided below. The full decision by the court can be accessed by clicking on the link(s) at the bottom of this page.
24 Sep 2013

http://www.windaction.org/posts?location=Europe&p=2&type=Document
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