Documents from Canada
Alberta’s electricity grid is characterized as deregulated and thermally dependent with a growing number of wind power facilities. Using a model to simulate both the unit commitment and economic dispatch decisions of the system operator, the total net CO2 reductions that result from the addition of wind energy into a heavily fossil-fuel based grid are estimated, assuming that contingency reserves are provided by part-loaded natural-gas fired units. Increasing wind generation levels lead to increased CO2 levels from reserve energy production but total CO2 levels decline slightly.
Wind turbines are rapidly increasing in number. In this paper, the example of the province of Ontario, Canada will be used. The Global Wind Energy Council tracks the world wide installed wind turbines, showing a 10-fold increase in the 10 years from 2001 to 2011 to nearly 240,000 MW. In Ontario the wind turbine capacity has increased over one hundred-fold from about 15 MW in 2003 to about 1700 MW at the end of 2012, and anticipates to continue to more than triple the total wind capacity to 5811 MW by 2015. Health Canada has a study underway on the health effects of wind turbines that will not report before this increase in wind turbine capacity is made. This paper will look at the basis for regulation of the installed wind turbine base in Ontario and investigates consequences of the installations identified already.
In this order, Justice Duncan Grace stays the proceeding on the question of whether the K2 Wind Project should be stopped. The Court acknowledges that approval of the project must first be granted and the harms raised by the plaintiffs be demonstrated first. This was not a dismissal of the proceedings, only a delay until after an approval is issued.
In this paper, the authors warn Canadian family physicians of increasing numbers of rural patients reporting adverse effects from exposure to industrial wind turbines (IWTs). The abstract, background and conclusion of the paper appear below. The full paper can be accessed by clicking the link(s) on this page.
Dr. Ross McKitrick, Professor of Economics at the University of Guelph specializing in energy and environmental policy, submitted these comments regarding the K2 Wind Power Project to the Ontario Energy Board. A summary of his comments are excerpted below. His full letter can be accessed by selecting the links at the bottom of this page.
New scientific measurements reveal that industrial wind turbines (IWTs) in Ontario routinely exceed acceptable noise limits set by Ministry of Environment (MOE) guidelines. The data show that when wind turbines are present, the associated sound pressure levels are repeatedly higher than government guidelines permit during the day, evenings and late at night.
The Ontario government took almost 1½ years to respond to a freedom of information act regarding wind turbine noise emissions and the impact on the public. Despite claims that there were over 300 pages collected, a scant 26 pages were released and many of those pages are heavily redacted. But what was revealed was clear evidence that Ministry of Environment Provincial Officers knew of the adverse health effects of wind turbine noise years ago.
The Melancthon I and Melancthon II wind energy facilities (200 megawatts), known as Melancthon EcoPower Center, began commercial operation in March 2006. Since that time, numerious complaints of turbine noise and other adverse effects were reported; homes were abandoned. The Ontario government took almost 1½ years to respond to a freedom of information act to finally release this document, a draft abatement plan to address the noise. The document was never released to the public and the plan was never implemented. This document exposes that the Ontario Provincial government was well aware of the adverse effects created by the turbines years ago but chose to let people suffer.
This case study investigates the impact of wind turbines on residential property values. The study looks at homes near the Melancthon Wind Facility located in Shelburne, Ontario, Canada. The project was built in two phases between 2006 and 2008. It consists of 133 GE 1.5 megawatt turbines with a total nameplate capacity of 200 megawatt. Excerpts of the report appear below. The full case study can be accessed by clicking on the link at the bottom of the page.
Case Study: Introduction
These comments were submitted to Health Canada in reference to the design of the Health Canada Wind Turbine Noise and Health Study and to inform the Health Canada study team and others about the serious harm that has occurred to a family exposed to an industrial wind energy project. The full report can accessed by clicking on the link at the bottom of this page.
An Open Letter has been sent to the Prime Minister of Canada and the Minister of Health for Canada exposing numerous insufficient procedures and processes utilized in order for Health Canada to develop a national study into the known and acknowledged adverse health effects from industrial wind installations. The Health Canada study design as published on July 10, 2012 is expected to be concluded in 2014. Concerns are that the design is not crafted thoroughly enough and that the participants are not independent experts. This could produce unscientific results which will have global consequences. Carmen Krogh is one of the world's foremost independent researchers on health impacts of wind turbines and author of the attached letter.
Installation of wind turbines on a property in Sarnia, Ontario will result in the insurance company deny coverage due to potential liability losses. The text of the letter appears below. The actual letter can be accessed by clicking on the link at the bottom of the page.
This important report examines the failures of wind turbine blades and the possible origins of the problems. The abstract and an excerpt of the report is provided below. The full report can be accessed by clicking the links on this page.
This residential property located near the Melancthon I and II wind energy facilities (2 hours NW of Toronto) was denied a bank line of credit due to the health risks caused by proximity to the transformer substations.
This incriminating memorandum on wind turbine noise was prepared by the Ontario provincial government and obtained through the Freedom of Information Act. The memo was released by Wind Concerns Ontario's WINDYLEAKS campaign. The document, written in April 2010, shows that the McGuinty Liberals were well aware that noise from industrial wind turbines operating -- even in compliance with Ontario's wind turbine regulations -- were causing adverse effects on communities.
The siting of industrial wind turbines in Ontario has been based on predictive computer modelling. While there is ample evidence regarding adverse health effects, the conduct of human health studies to determine regulations for setbacks and noise levels that protect health is still lacking. The purpose of this document is to inform authorities and decision makers of new evidence, including articles published in peer reviewed scientific journals which advance knowledge on the topic of adverse health effects of industrial turbines.
Ontario's Environmental Review Tribunal ruled that the Appellants of Suncor’s Kent Breeze wind energy facility failed to show that the project, as approved, would cause serious harm to human health. However, the tribunal also found that the evidence demonstrated that there are risks and uncertainties associated with wind turbines which merit further research. In that regard, the Tribunal asserted that future debate should focus on the most appropriate standards rather than “yes or no” arguments about whether turbines can cause harm. The Tribunal’s 223-page ruling provides an in-depth look at the state of current wind farm science and policy. Pages of the decision are devoted to the testimony of each of the witnesses.
This important decision by the Ontario Environmental Review Tribunal examines evidence on whether the Suncor’s Kent Breeze Wind Farm project which was approved according to Ontario’s Ministry of the Environment Noise Guidelines for Wind Farms and Ontario Regulation 359/09 made under the Environmental Protection Act, will seriously harm humans living nearby. The overall conclusion of the Tribunal (provided below) makes clear that wind turbine facilities placed too close to residents can cause harm to human health. The full report can be accessed by clicking on the links at the bottom of this page.
Dr. Michael Nissenbaum M.D. submitted this affidavit detailing his study of adverse health impacts from industrial wind turbines before the Rural Municipalities of Martin and Moosomin in the Province of Sasktchewan. The proposed wind project is known as the Red Lily Wind Energy project.