1.0 Executive Summary
The Town of Henderson, New York has been confronted with a challenging development issue. The proposed development of a wind energy facility on Galloo Island has raised concerns by local residents and commercial operators in the Town of Henderson. Uncertainties regarding both social and economic impacts of the proposed development have motivated the Town’s leadership to undertake a study of the development proposal’ s impacts in order to support the local decision-making process With this in mind, the Town of Henderson has secured the Nanos Clarkson Research Collaboration energy consultant team of experts to assist in determining a series of impacts from the proposed development. The following report provides an overview of property value and economic impacts, as well as a viewshed analysis for the Town of Henderson from the proposed wind energy facility development. The Galloo Island Wind Energy Facility (henceforth GIWEF) Project was first informally proposed in September 2014 by Albany based Hudson Energy Development LLC under a subsidiary Hudson North Country Wind 1 LLC (henceforth HNCW). Its formal Program Involvement Plan Application occurred in Summer 2015. Its plan comprises 29 turbines located on the privately owned island for an expected 102 MW output. The turbines will be 575 feet high, with blade lengths of 210 feet (Hudson North Country Wind 1, LLC 2015). On Dec. 18, 2015, HNCW sold the project to Apex Clean Energy LLC of Charlottesville, VA.
A key concern of many residents of the Town of Henderson is that the Galloo Island wind facility will negatively impact both property values in the town, as well as economic activity through tourism. These concerns are exacerbated by the fact that the usual benefits which typically accrue to counter potential negative impacts of this type of development, such as payments-in-lieu-of-taxes (PILOTS) or lease payments, are not eligible for residents of the Town of Henderson. As such, the impact of the proposed development on the Town of Henderson is uncertain and requires clarification. This study does not examine environmental benefit / cost impacts for the region as they are beyond the scope of the report as designated by the Town of Henderson.
The Nanos Clarkson Research Collaboration has undertaken a series of analyses, enclosed within the subsequent report, specifically a property value analysis, an economic and jobs analysis, as well as a viewshed analysis. While methodologies (and qualifiers) for the various analyses are highlighted within the report along with report details, the overall general findings can be summarized as follows in terms of the anticipated impacts:
- likely negative land valuations for the Town of Henderson;
- likely positive economic effects to the region, but not commensurate to the Town of Henderson;
- likely minor positive effects on jobs and economic impacts to the Town of Henderson; and,
- likely minor negative effect on tourism
These findings are elaborated in more detail within the subsequent report. It should be noted that this study does not examine environmental benefit/cost impacts for the region as they are beyond the scope of the report as designated by the Town of Henderson. Finally, the report includes a series of view-shed analyses for the Town of Henderson in relation to the proposed Galloo Island development. In addition to the enclosed data and documents, the 3-D viewer can be accessed at: http://arcg.is/20Y5VEc in order to provide a more variable tool for analysis and evaluation. 
 See “Hudson North Country Wind 1 LLC letter to PSC Secretary notifying of GIWF sale to APEX” at http://documents.dps.ny.gov/public/MatterManagement/CaseMaster.aspx?MatterSeq=48345&MNO=15-F-0327.
 Disclaimer: The Nanos Clarkson Research Collaboration provides analytic services to stakeholders in the energy and environmental arenas and the views and analysis expressed are the authors'. They do not necessarily represent the policies or views of Clarkson University.