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Impact of turbines on Military Readiness: Naval Air Base, Kingsville, TX

In 2011, Chief of Naval Operations of the US Navy reqested an assessment of the impacts of wind turbine development near NAS Kingsville on Navy readiness include advisement on whether such impacts, if unmitigated, would present an unacceptable risk to National Security.

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
2000 Navy Pentagon
Washington, DC 20350-2000

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
COMMANDER, NAVY INSTALLATIONS COMMAND
716 Sicard Street, SE, Suite 1000
Washington Navy yard, DC 20374-5140

From:  Commander, Navy Installation Command

To:  Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Fleet Readiness and Logistics)

Subj:  EVALUATION OF WIND TURBINE CAPATIBILITY AT NAVAL AIR STATION KINGSVILLE, TX

Ref:  (a) CNO Washington DC ltr 5090 Ser N4/11U156042 of 10 Jun 11
(b) NAS Kingsville TX Predictive Loss Modeling Study of 29 Mar 11

Encl: (1) COMNAVAIRFOR San Diego CA ltr 5090 Ser N01/1468 of 01 Sep 11
(2) COMPACFLT Pearl Harbor HI ltr 5090 Ser N01/1188 of 08 Sep 11
(3) CNIC Washington DC Paper, "Preventing the Incompatible Development
of Wind Farms on  NAS Kingsville Missions"

1. Reference (a) requested that Commander, Navy Installations Command (CNIC), supported by Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet (COMPACFLT) Pearl Harbor, HI and Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTFOR) Norfolk, VA, lead an assessment of the mission impacts of wind farm development in the Kingsville vicinity. Enclosures (1), (2), and (3) provide an assessment of the feasibility and ROM cost of all possible mitigation options, such as technological improvements, training procedure modifications, wind turbine siting to minimize mission impacts, relocating some or all of NAS Kingsville mission to other installations, and purchasing easements to prevent incompatible development.

2. Training Air Wind TWO at NAS Kingsville trains 112 of the Navy's approximately 200 tactical aviation pilots each year. Reference (b), a study of the degradation to NAS Kingsville RADAR and NAVAIDS caused by electromagnetic interference from nearby wind farms, determined installation of wind turbines would reduce Navy's ability to train aviators safely. The study further predicted that Navy would graduate 24-31 fewer pilots annually due to this impact. Enclosures (1) and (2) provide detailed assessments of these mission impacts from Commander Naval Air Forces (COMNAVAIRFOR) San Diego CA and COMPACFLT Pearl Harbor, HI.

3. Enclosure (3) assessed an additional three potential mitigation options mentioned in reference (a) : applying technological improvements siting of wind turbines so as to minimize mission impacts and purchasing easements to prevent incompatible development. This paper further examines the possible use of state and local regulations to prevent incompatible development.

4. Siting enforced by regulation remains the most effective way to mitigate wind farm encroachment. Recommend that turbines not be located within 15 nmi of NAS Kingsville DASR-11 RADAR, and further recommend that Kleberg and Nueces counties be authorized by the state of Texas to prohibit wind turbine construction in all areas within a 15 nmi radius of NAS Kingsville DASR-11. As no readily available technological mitigations to wind turbine-related RADAR and NAVAID degradation were identified, I concur with COMPACFLT Pearl Harbor HI recommendation that DoN continue to investigate technological solutions which could minimize wind farm interference with RADAR and NAVAIDS.

5. CNIC's point of contact for this issue is LCDR Jim Roche, Encroachment Action Officer, DSN 288-4892, commercial (202) 433-4892 or e-mail james.roche@navy.mil.

M. C. Vitale

Copy to:

CNO Washington DC (N45)
COMPACFLT Pearl Harbor HI (N01)
COMUSFLTFORCOM Norfolk VA (N45)
COMNAVAIRFOR San Diego CA (N03)
CNATRA Corpus Christ TX (N03)
COMNAVFACENGCOM Washington DC
COMNAVAREG SE Jacksonville FL
NAS Kingsville TX

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Wind Turbine Encroachment Task

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Burke Tasker Response

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SEP 23 2011
http://www.windaction.org/posts/38350-impact-of-turbines-on-military-readiness-naval-air-base-kingsville-tx
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