A Virginia Tech research
center has concluded that more study
is needed to determine a prudent plan for using
so-called “green energy” in Virginia.
A study was commissioned by Virginia
Commission for Electric Utility Restructuring
as the result of a series of meetings last year
among renewable energy industry officials,
lawmakers, state agencies, and environmental
This study focused on nocturnal migration
patterns and flight behaviors during the peak
periods of passerine and bat migration during fall
2005 at the proposed Highland New Wind
Development in Highland Count. Virginia. The key
results of our study were: (I) the mean overall fall
passage rate was 385 targetsikmh; (2)mean
nightly passage rates ranged from 9 to 2,762
targetshh, (3) the percentage of targets passing
below 125 m agl was 11.5%; (4) the estimated
turbine passage rate of nocturnal migrants passing
within the airspace occupied by each proposed
turbine was 3.4-24.7 migrantslturbineid during the
fall study period; (5) fall migrants flying at or
below maximal turbine height consisted of 88%
birds and 12% bats; and (6) passage rates, flight
altitudes, and visual observation rates of birds and
bats did not differ between the two survey sites
within the project area.
This document includes studies in Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia.
Unlike in the west, the vast majority of birds likely to be killed at
wind turbines in the east are neotropical migrants - which pass through
our region mostly at night. Many of these species are already under
severe pressure due to loss and fragmentation of breeding and wintering
Senior planner Darryl
Crawford, of the Central Shenandoah Planning
District Commission, handed planners a list
of recommendations to consider for wind energy
permit applications last week, telling the
commission it should determine whether Highland
County wants industrial wind plants
within its borders. A summary
of Crawford’s 20-page set of recommendations
Q. Please state your name and position.
A. My name is Charles Simmons and I have been retained to provide assistance to Highland Citizens in regard to the application of Highland New Wind Development, LLC to construct a wind generation facility in Highland County.
Editor's Note:This testimony provides an excellent description of how a grid works- particularly the role of 'economic dispatch' and 'spinning reserves'. It also addresses the methodology for estimating emissions savings and numerous other topics of interest.
This important peer-reviewed paper written by bat expert Dr. Thomas H. Kunz et al identifies the significant risk wind turbines pose for migratory and local bat populations in the mid-Atlantic Highlands region of the United States. The projected number of annual fatalities of bats at wind energy facilities in the Highlands in the year 2020 can reach up to 111,000 bats.
This page [author's website] is dedicated to economic information that applies to wind-power projects anywhere in the United States and specifically applies to the Highland New Wind Development project proposed for the northwestern corner of Highland County, VA. Let me say right up front that I am not an economist or tax accountant. I will try to compile factual information on the economics of wind power along with the opinions of recognized experts in this field.
Editor's Note: This provides a good overview of the production tax credit, capacity factor, renewable portfolio standards, renewable energy certificates. and accelerated depreciation. Readers are encouraged to visit the author's site via the link below for the most current version, e.g. the author is planning to update the production tax credit information to the current prevailing rate of 1.9 cents per kWh.
Rick Webb's presentation on October 17 at the Energy Virginia conference provides a thought provoking analysis of the costs and benefits of industrial wind energy.
This flow chart, that accompanied Anne Adams' 'news' item 'Putting the Spin on Wind' (11/18/05) represents an initial effort to show the
interconnections/collusion between the different entities working to promote
wind development in Virginia.